Microbial control of caged population of Zonocerus variegatus using Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium sp.

  • OE Fagade Environmental and Biotechnology Unit, Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
  • SA Balogun Environmental Microbiology Unit, Department of Microbiology, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Niger
  • CJ Lomer International Institute for Tropical Agriculture, Biological Control and Functional Biodiversity Centre, BP 08-0932 Cotonou, Benin Republic
Keywords: Microbial control, entomopathogenic fungi, Beauveria bassiana, Zonoccrus variegatus, Metarhizium sp

Abstract

Microbial control of caged populations of Zonocerus variegatus was carried out using indigenous fungal entomopathogens isolated from the grasshopper's cadaver. Bioassay response indicated a dose-dependent mortality coupled with drastic reduction in food consumption among spores infected grasshoppers. Lethal time (LT50) of 4.6 days for 103 spores/ml and 3.8 days for 107 spores/ml of oil formulation of Beauveria bassiana were observed. While Metarhizium sp recorded LT50 of 9.0 days and 2.8 days for 103 and 107 spores/ml, respectively. The results obtained were discussed in relation to use of the isolates in the control Z. variegates infestation in forest agro-ecosystem of south west, Nigeria.
Key Words: Microbial control, entomopathogenic fungi, Beauveria bassiana, Zonoccrus variegatus, Metarhizium sp.
African Journal of Biotechnology Vol.4(1) 2005:113-116
Published
2005-03-24
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1684-5315