Effects of rock phosphate amended with poultry manure on soil available p and yield of maize and cowpea

  • M O Akande Institute of Agricultural Research and Training, Obafemi Awolowo University, P.M.B 5029 Moor Plantation, Ibadan Nigeria
  • J A Adedira Institute of Agricultural Research and Training, Obafemi Awolowo University, P.M.B 5029 Moor Plantation, Ibadan Nigeria
  • F I Oluwatoyinbo Institute of Agricultural Research and Training, Obafemi Awolowo University, P.M.B 5029 Moor Plantation, Ibadan Nigeria
Keywords: Rock phosphates, poultry manure, available phosphorus, maize, cowpea

Abstract

The effect of rock phosphate (Sokoto and Ogun rock phosphates) amended with poultry manure on soil available phosphate (P) and yield of maize and cowpea grown sequentially was evaluated for four cropping seasons. The results obtained showed superiority of single super phosphate (SSP) application over either Sokoto or Ogun rock phosphates. However, complementary application of the Sokoto and Ogun rock phosphates with poultry manure increased maize plant height by 12 and 6, and 19 and 8%, respectively. Also, percent phosphorus contents in maize and cowpea leaf tissues increased respectively by 33 and 22, and 22 and 25% in 2000, and by 25 and 6, and 16 and 18%, respectively in 2001. Maize grain yield was increased by 33 and 26, and 18 and 25%, respectively, while that of cowpea was increased by 25 and 32, and 49 and 38% in 2000 and 2001, respectively when compared with application of rock phosphate alone. Single super phosphate treated soil had the highest residual P values in all the three sampling periods. The effectiveness of rock phosphate as a P sources for crop production was remarkably enhanced by solubilizing effect of poultry manure. Its low rate (2 t ha-1) in combination with rock phosphate gave almost similar effects like higher rates (3 and 4 t ha -1) of applications.

African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 4 (5), pp. 444-448, 2005
Published
2005-08-16
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1684-5315