Efficient production of transgenic soybean (Glycine max [L] Merrill) plants mediated via whisker-supersonic (WSS) method

  • MM Khalafalla
  • HA El-Shemy
  • SM Rahman
  • M Teraishi
  • H Hasegawa
  • T Terakawa
  • M Ishimoto
Keywords: Glycine max, whisker supersonic, particle bombardment, transgenic

Abstract

The present study was designed to evaluate the transformation efficiency and proof the capability of whisker supersonic (WSS) method as an alternative option for soybean (Glycine max [L] Merrill)
transformation. We compared soybean transformation efficiency obtained by WSS-mediated with that of particle bombardment transformation by carrying out molecular analysis of the T0 plants in two independent experiments. For this, we used for both transformation techniques the same genotype, the same plasmid and the same selection method. To assess the efficiency of soybean genetic
transformation, we evaluated the efficiency of multi gene transformation by the selection with hygromycin and the expression of green fluorescent protein [sGFP (S65T)] resulted from both techniques. Regenerable embryogenic cells were induced from immature cotyledons of soybean c.v Jack on MSD40 media within 3 weeks then proliferated on FN lite liquid media and engineered with pUHG gene construct through both WSS and particle bombardment-mediated transformation. The pUHG was constructed with pUC 19 and contain the hpt gene conferring resistance to hygromycin as a selective marker and sGFP(S65T) as a reporter gene. Fluorescence microscopy screening after the selection of hygromycin, identified the clearly expression of sGFP(S65T) in the transformed soybean embryos. Stable integration of the transgenes was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and
Southern blot analysis. The average transformation efficiency achieved with WSS was higher than that obtained by particle bombardment and hence it may represent an alternative method for soybean
transformation.
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