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African Journal of Biotechnology

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The influence of aerobic sludge retention time on anaerobic co-digestion of dyeing and printing wastewater and sewage sludge

J Wang, Z Zhang, Z Zhang, P Zheng, C Li

Abstract


Two pilot-scale activated sludge systems comprising anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR) and aerobic plug flow reactor (PFR) were operated aiming to minimize excess sludge output of the activated sludge
process through coupled alkaline hydrolysis and anaerobic digestion. Variations in the effluent total chemical oxygen demand (TCOD) and NH4 +-N concentration proved that the process not only could
minimize excess sludge production but also guarantee the effluent TCOD well below the discharging limit (150 mg/l) if the inverse ratio of the aerobic sludge recirculation to anaerobic reactor did not
exceed 60% for system A with 10 d aerobic sludge retention time (SRT) and 40% for system B (SRT was 25 d). The sludge activity at aerobic SRT of 25 d was evidently lower than aerobic SRT of 10 d. Those differences of sludge characteristics affected the inverse sludge ratio obviously. Aerobic bacteria after internal and external decay were converted to anoxic or anaerobic biomass. The distinct differences in
sludge yield of aerobic and anaerobic/anoxic processes could explain how aerobic SRT decided excess sludge activity which consequently affected anaerobic codigestion of printing and dyeing wastewater
and sewage sludge.



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