African Journal of Biotechnology

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Ecology and diversity of Bacillus thuringiensis in soil environment

SN Chatterjee, T Bhattacharya, TK Dangar, G Chandra


Bacillus thuringiensis populations ranged between 4.23 x 105, 6.52 x 105 cfu/g soil and consist of 11 types of isolates with 3 polymorphic, 7 spherical and 1 bipyramidal type of crystals. Polymorphic crystal containing isolates were further characterized. B. thuringiensis isolates were circular, white, flat and undulate or entire. These were gram-positive. These tolerated 5% NaCl and failed to grow anaerobically. None of these were positive for indole production. All were sensitive to streptomycin,
vancomycin, polymyxin B and norfloxacin but resistant to penicillin G and ampicillin/sulbactum. All of the isolates were crystal forming rods, width of rods was >0.9 um, catalase positive and sporangia were not swollen. All of the isolates hydrolyzed protein but only BTc 175 produced arginine dihydrolase, BTc 152 and BTc 175 produced urease.

AJOL African Journals Online