African Journal of Biotechnology

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Effects of Cucumis metuliferus (Cucurbitaceae) fruits on enzymes and haematological parameters in albino rats

NN Wannang, NS Jimam, S Omale, MLP Dapar, SS Gyang, JC Aguiyi


The effects of the powdered fruits of Cucumis metuliferus on enzymes and haematological indices were evaluated in adult albino rats. The study revealed a significant (P<0.05) dose-dependent decrease in
white blood cells (WBC) count. 500 mg/kg body weight of the powdered fruit produced a significant (P<0.05) decrease in red blood cells (RBC), and an increase in platelet and haemoglobin (Hb), while there was an insignificant (P>0.05) decrease in clotting and bleeding time. 1000 mg/kg produced significant (P<0.05) increase in RBC, platelets, Hb and packed cell volume (PCV) values, and an insignificant (P>0.05) decrease in clotting and bleeding time. The biochemical parameters evaluation showed that 500 - 1000 mg/kg of the powdered fruit of the plant produced a dose-dependent significant (P<0.05) increase in the levels of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and Total protein. This result showed that
Cucumis metuliferus produced alterations in the haematological and biochemical indices evaluated.
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