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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Recent developments in life sciences research: Role of bioinformatics

VS Rao, SK Das, VJ Rao, G Srinubabu

Abstract


Life sciences research and development has opened up new challenges and opportunities for bioinformatics. The contribution of bioinformatics advances made possible the mapping of the entire human genome and genomes of many other organisms in just over a decade. These discoveries, along with current efforts to determine gene and protein functions, have improved our ability to understand the root causes of human, animal and plant diseases and find new cures. Furthermore, many future Bioinformatic innovations will likely be spurred by the data and analysis demands of the life sciences. This review briefly describes the role of bioinformatics in biotechnology, drug discovery, biomarker
discovery, biological databases, bioinformatic tools, bioinformatic tasks and its application in life sciences research.



AJOL African Journals Online