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African Journal of Biotechnology

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The kinetics of glucose production from rice straw by Aspergillus niger

BO Aderemi, E Abu, BK Highina

Abstract


In this investigation, glucose was produced from rice straw using cells of Aspergillus niger, isolated from maize grain. Glucose yield was found to increase from 43 to 87% as the rice straw particle size decreased from 425 to 75 ìm, while the optimal temperature and pH were found within the range of 45 - 50°C and 4.5 - 5 respectively. The concentration and rate of glucose production was observed to depend on pretreatment of rice straw, substrate concentration and cell loading. A kinetic model rate
expression has been developed for such a process based on the Michaelis – Mentens and Lineweaver – Burk approach. Comparison between the experimental data and those predicted from the rate model indicate good agreement with a mean absolute deviation of about 0.2.



http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJB08.109
AJOL African Journals Online