Biochemical effects on the liver and kidney of rats administered aqueous stem bark extract of Xemenia americana

  • AU Wurochekke
  • AE Anthony
  • W Obidah
Keywords: Ximenia americana, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, urea, creatinine.


The effects of aqueous extract of ximenia Americana stem bark on liver and kidney of albino rats was investigated. Different doses of the crude extract were administered to rats for 30 consecutive days. The levels of serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) of treated animals significantly (p<0.05) increased compared to the control group. High levels of these enzymes observed were found to be dose dependent. The serum level of protein of treated animals showed
significant (p<0.05) decrease compared to the control group. There was no significant difference in the serum levels of urea and creatinine of the treated animals compared to the control. The data obtained is suggestive of liver damage and unaffected kidney.

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eISSN: 1684-5315