Influence of plant growth regulators on axillary shoot multiplication and iron source on growth of Scrophularia takesimensis Nakai - a rare endemic medicinal plant
AbstractAn efficient protocol for the in vitro propagation of Scrophularia takesimensis, a rare endemic medicinal plant, is described. Shoot multiplication was induced by culturing nodal explants on MS medium
containing 3% (w/v) sucrose, 0.8% (w/v) agar, and different concentrations and combinations of plant growth regulators. The greatest percentage of shoot induction was achieved when nodal explants were cultured on MS medium supplemented with 2.0 mg l-1 BAP and 1.0 mg l-1 IAA with an average of 16 shoots per explant. The microshoots were separated from the multiple shoots and sub-cultured onto MS medium with 3% (w/v) sucrose and 0.8% (w/v) agar for further growth, and rooting. The plantlets growth was slow and often showed chlorosis on leaves. This problem was overcome by transferring
microshoots to MS medium modified by increasing FeSO4 (55.6 mgL-1) and Na2EDTA (74.52 mgL-1) salts concentration. The iron concentration had a significant effect on chlorophyll content of the leaves. Chlorophyll content was increased by increasing FeSO4 and Na2EDTA salts concentration. Maximum rooting was obtained on modified MS medium supplemented with 1.0 mg l-1 IBA. The in vitro-grown plantlets were successfully established in the field with 96% of survival. This protocol could be utilized for conservation and clonal propagation of this economically important plant.