Detoxification of copper fungicide using EDTA-modified cellulosic material

  • JC Igwe
  • A Ekwuruke
  • BC Gbaruko
  • AA Abia
Keywords: Copper fungicide, maize cob, adsorption, mechanism, EDTA, detoxification

Abstract

Pesticides are poisons and can be particularly dangerous when misused or carelessly disposed. The detoxification of a copper fungicide (KOCIDE 101) using maize cob, a cellulosic material, was studied. Based on copper as the active agent (after a sorption period of 1 h), the concentration of the fungicide reduced from an initial value of 2000 to 206.25 ppm for the unmodified maize cob and to 24.31 ppm for the modified maize cob. The pseudo-first and second order rate equations were used to model the
detoxification process. The intraparticle diffusivity and mechanism of the sorption was proposed. Also, equilibrium sorption isotherms were evaluated using the Freundlich, Langmuir and Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm models. This results show that maize cob is an effective adsorbent for copper fungicide deactivation and detoxification.
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eISSN: 1684-5315