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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Amylolytic potentiality of fungi isolated from some Nigerian agricultural wastes

AH Adeniran, SH Abiose

Abstract


Five common Nigerian agricultural wastes: cassava peels, yam peels, banana peels, plantain peels, and Brewery Spent Grains (BSG) were formulated into media on which amylolytic fungal strains were
isolated. These isolates were subsequently identified, characterized using standard mycological keys and were thereafter employed in production of -amylase using submerged and solid-state cultivation
regimens. Amount of -amylase in enzyme unit (E.U.) liberated by each mould was quantified by estimating the amount of reducing sugars produced when specified quantity of starch was hydrolyzed
after incubation at 40°C with known concentration of enzyme solution. Results showed the amylolytic isolates to be Helminthosporium oxysporium, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus
flavus, and Penicillium frequestans. The mould Helminthosporium oxysporium liberated 10.77 and 10.42 E.U of -amylase on cassava and yam peels media respectively using submerged cultivation
method while A. flavus produced 11.94 E.U. of the enzyme on cassava peels with submerged cultivation method. Production of -amylase on cassava, yam and plantain peels was facilitated by submerged cultivation method. With exception of banana peels substrate, other investigated Nigerian agricultural wastes favoured -amylase production at different rates.



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