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monoceros, lipid and cholesterol contents were significantly lower in the smoke-dried samples (P <0.05) compared to the raw samples. The cholesterol levels in R. phoenicis were as high as 500.90 and
514.63 mg/100g dry weight basis (DWB) for raw and fried samples, respectively, but decreased to 295.20 mg/100 g DWB in the smoke-dried samples. Similarly, the cholesterol levels in O. monoceros were 223.50, 245.46 and 45.05 mg/100 g DWB for raw, fried and smoke-dried samples, respectively. On the other hand, there was no significant difference (P > 0.05) in the ash, protein and carbohydrate contents in the heat-treated samples of both larvae except for moisture which decreased significantly (P < 0.05) in the fried samples. The high protein, oil and ash levels of the larvae indicate that they are good sources of these nutrients.