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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Quality management of cut carnation 'Tempo' with 1- MCP

DH Abadi, B Kaviani, SS Hoor, AM Torkashvand, R Zarei

Abstract


Water relation and chlorophyll content are two important factors on the postharvest quality of cut flowers. 1-MCP (1–methylcyclopropene), as a gaseous inhibitor of ethylene action, significantly delayed the wilting of
cut carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.). The effects of 1-MCP depends on concentration, time duration and temperature. In this study, the effect of different 1-MCP concentrations (0, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100 nl l-1) and
time durations (3, 6 and 9 h) on the vaselife, water uptake, loss of fresh weight and chlorophyll index of cut carnation 'Tempo' which is an ethylene-sensitive flower, were evaluated. The effects of 1-MCP concentrations and interaction between 1-MCP concentration and time duration on the vaselife, water uptake, loss of chlorophyll index and loss of fresh weight, were significant at 1% levels of probability. Also the effect of time duration on the loss of chlorophyll index and loss of fresh weight was significant at 5%
and on the water uptake was significant at 1% of probability. Treatment with 60 nl l-1 1-MCP for 3 h with 16.47 days vaselife, 2.57 ml g-1 fresh weight, 2.41 ml g-1 water uptake and 2.667 loss of chlorophyll index was
better than other treatments.



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