Effects of mowing utilization on forage yield and quality in five oat varieties in alpine area of the eastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau
AbstractOat (Avena sativa) is grown to provide feed in winter for livestock production in the alpine area of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. The effect of early cutting (T1), late cutting (T2) as well as once cutting and
twice cutting (T3) on forage yields and qualities were investigated for five oat varieties (YTA, CNC, B3, Q473 and Q444). The cutting frequency and time significantly affected forage yield and quality of five varieties with the effects being different among the five varieties. T3 increased hay yield and crude protein yield than T2. The dry hay yield and crude protein yield of T2 were all significantly lower when compared to T1. YTA presented the maximum fresh grass yields, total hay yields and total crude protein
yields under all cutting treatments among five varieties. T3 also improved feed quality on S/L ratio, F/D ratio, CP, CF and CA compared to T2 treatment. The results showed that utilization of two cuttings of
oat artificial grasslands can be used to supply forage for livestock in alpine area. YTA is a good oat introduced variety which has higher hay yield and feeding quality even with two cuttings in alpine area.