The antibacterial potential of the seaweeds (Rhodophyceae) of the Strait of Gibraltar and the Mediterranean Coast of Morocco
The antibacterial activity of extracts from 26 marine Rhodophyceae (8 Ceramiales, 7 Gelidiales, 9 Gigartinales, 1 Bonnemaisoniales and 1 Rhodymeniales) was studied to assess their potential in the pharmaceutical industry. Their bioactivity was analysed from crude methanolic extracts of dried samples against three gram-positive bacteria and two gram-negative bacteria using the disc diffusion technique. The samples were collected from Gibraltar and the Moroccan Mediterranean coast. Of the macroalgae analysed, 96% of extracts were active against at least one of the five test microorganisms. Staphylococcus aureus was the most susceptible microorganism. Methanolic extracts of all seaweed extracts tested in the present study exhibited a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity with inhibition diameters ranging from 10 to 35 mm. An extract of Hypnea musciformis exhibited high antibacterial activity against all the bacteria tested. The results of the present study confirmed the potential use of seaweed extracts as a source of antibacterial compounds.
Key words: Antibacterial activity, methanolic extracts, pathogenic bacteria, Rhodophyceae.