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Studies have been carried out to establish an experimental in vitro model system for routine testing of oxidative stress inducers through biochemical analysis using human breast carcinoma (MCF-7) cell line. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) has been chosen as a test chemical oxidant to assess the level of induced glutathione (GSH), lipid peroxidation (LPO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release and cell viability using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and neutral red uptake (NRU) assays in MCF-7 cells. Cells were exposed with H2O2 in the range of 0.1 to 1.6 mM in MEM culture medium up to 24 h. The sensitivity of the system was examined by determining the dose response curve for induction of mitochondrial activity and growth inhibition. The concentrations of H2O2 above 0.5 mM were found to be cytotoxic, whereas, lower concentrations did not cause any significant decrease in cell viability. Results of the study showed a decrease in GSH level at 12 and 24 h (39 and 44% of control) and maximum increase (60% of control) in LPO at 24 h. In case of catalase and SOD, a concentration of 0.5 mM of H2O2 was found instantly effective and caused reduction in activity within 2 h, with which decreases significantly up to 24 h. The results indicate that the H2O2 induced oxidative stress mediated cytotoxicity in MCF-7 cells and usefulness of these cell types as sensitive biological system for routine testing of chemical oxidative stressors.
Key words: Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), MCF-7 cells, Cytotoxicity oxidative stress.