Local cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata L.) populations from Serbian Province of Vojvodina
In previous experiments, we were able to augment cabbages (Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata L.) with two new local open pollinated (OP) populations and one cultivar. The type of use indicated that these are cabbages with thinner and juicier leaves, which predisposes their heads for fine grating and also makes their leaves readily bendable and easy to roll up when pickled. The populations were collected in Vojvodina, North Province of Serbia, country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe. Fresh cabbages are late-maturing white cabbages suitable for fresh consumption and biological fermentation. The third is a newly developed cultivar, bred by family selection. This cultivar has slight coloring by anthocyan that is red coloring of the head and rosette leaves. The fourth genotype in our trial was the local cultivar NS-Futoski. The morphological characters among OP populations were analysed by using principal component analysis (PCA). The first three principal components (PCs) gave Eigen values greater than 1.0 and explained 99.99% of the total variability among the cultivars and populations for all the traits investigated.
Key words: Cabbage, local population, head characteristics.