miRNAs: Small but deadly

  • R Bano
  • S Fazal
  • MH Khan
  • H Rashid
Keywords: microRNA, cancer, tumour, metastasis, upregulation, miRNA.


microRNAs (miRNAs) are unique class of global gene regulators identified both in plants and animals. They can reduce protein levels of their target genes with a minor impact on the target genes mRNA. Levels of some miRNAs are found altered in cancers, so we might expect these regulatory molecules to be involved in the development of different carcinomas. The differential expression of certain miRNAs in various tumors might become a powerful tool to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of cancers. The precise biological roles of most miRNAs are still poorly understood and therefore, this review is an attempt to highlight the role and connections of human miRNA with different aspects of cancers.

Key words: microRNA, cancer, tumour, metastasis, upregulation, miRNA.


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eISSN: 1684-5315