Induced accumulation of 20-hydroxyecdysone in cell suspension cultures of Vitex glabrata R.Br.
This study describes the effects of culture medium, culture temperature, sucrose concentration and cholesterol feeding on cell growth and 20-hydroxyecdysone production in suspension cultures of Vitex glabrata, an important medicinal plant in Thailand. Cell growth and 20-hydroxyecdysone production were not significantly different when cells were cultivated on B5 or half-strength MS medium. However, cultivation of V. glabrata cell cultures at 25°C yielded 1.06- and 1.09-fold higher values of cell growth and 20-hydroxyecdysone content, respectively than those at 30°C. Sucrose at 30 and 40 g/L favors the production of 20-hydroxyecdysone in suspension cultures of V. glabrata. Feeding of cholesterol at 5 mg/L, as precursor for biosynthesis of 20-hydroxyecdysone, yielded 1.11-fold higher accumulation of 20-hydroxyecdysone than the control cells. Increasing of cholesterol to 10 mg/L resulted in decreased production of 20-hydroxyecdysone.
Key words: Vitex glabrata, 20-hydroxyecdysone, suspension culture, cholesterol.