An association study between polymorphism of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH1B), aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2), cytochrome (CYP4502E1), Catechol-OMethyltransferase (COMT) and 5-hydroxytryptamine transporter (5-HTT)...
Full Title: An association study between polymorphism of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH1B), aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2), cytochrome (CYP4502E1), Catechol-OMethyltransferase (COMT) and 5-hydroxytryptamine transporter (5-HTT) genes in Yunnan Han population with alcohol dependence
Abstact: Alcohol dependence (AD) is a complex disease resulting from the inheritance of several susceptible genes and multiple environmental determinants. The aim of this study was to identify the genetic risk factors which include alcohol metabolizing genes and neurotransmitter related genes for alcoholism in Yunnan Han population. Eight allelic variants of five genes were genotyped from 332 Yunnan Han individuals (including 118 alcohol-dependent patients (DSM-IV criteria) and 214 controls) using PCRRFLP method. Those polymorphic sites included alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH1B), aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2), cytochrome P-4502E1 (CYP2E1) PstI, Catechol-O-Methyltransferase (COMT) rs2075507 (5’region), rs737865 (intron1), rs4680 (Val158Met), rs165599 (3’region) and serotonin transporter (5-HTTLPR). Both genotype and allele frequencies of ALDH2 and CYP4502E1 as well as the allele frequency of ADH1B gene differed significantly between AD group and control group. The proportion of ALDH2 *1/*2 genotype and *2 allele was significantly smaller in patients than that in controls (X2 = 6.554, p = 0.038; X2 = 4.906, p = 0.027), while the proportion of c2 allele of CYP4502E1 was significantly higher (X2 = 4.410, p = 0.036). Compared with the controls, the frequencies of the 5-HTTLPR L/L genotype and COMT rs737865 C/C genotype were significantly lower in AD group. Twelve COMT haplotypes (rs2075507, rs737865, rs4680 and rs165599) defined as H1 to H12 were obtained in this major minority population. The prevalence of the haplotype H1 ‘‘A-C-A-A’’ was significantly greater in alcoholics than the prevalence in their respective control group. There were no significant differences in the genotype frequencies of the COMT rs2075507, rs4680 and rs165599 polymorphisms between alcoholics and controls. COMT rs2075507 and rs737865 polymorphisms were in complete linkage disequilibrium in Han population of Yunnan Province. This study indicates that polymorphisms of ADH1B, ALDH2, CYP4502E1, COMT and 5-HTT were significantly associated with AD in Han majority. The ADH1B *2, ALDH2 *2 alleles, 5-HTTLPR L/L genotype and C/C genotype of the COMT rs737865 polymorphism had an important role in reducing the risk of AD while the c2 allele of CYP4502E1 increased the risk of AD. Therefore, the A-C-A-A haplotype may be a dangerous factor leading to AD.
Key words: Yunnan Han population, polymorphism, alcohol dependence, genetic risk factor.