Contribution of morpho-physiological attributes in determining the yield of mungbean
Field experiments were conducted in 2006 and 2007 under subtropical conditions to investigate the variations in growth and reproductive characters, and yield attributes for selection of important source and sinks characters using correlation and path coefficient analyses in 45 mungbean genotypes. Large genetic variability existed in source characters viz., leaf area index (LAI) (1.22 to 3.80) and sink characters viz., number of racemes plant-1 (6.30 to 22.9), flowers plant-1 (18.1 to 51.9) and pods plant-1 (9.6 to 22.1). Genotypic correlation study revealed that among the traits investigated, LAI was the most important source that determined total dry mass (TDM) yield, and reproductive characters like number of racemes, flowers and pods plant-1 were the most important sinks that determined seed yield. Contrarily, reproductive efficiency (RE, % pod set to opened flowers) did not show significant relationship with pod number and seed yield, indicating that selection of high yield based on RE may be misleading. Path coefficient analysis further revealed that number of flowers, pods and 100-seed weight constituted central important sinks which exerted direct positive influence on seed yield. The results indicated that pod yield could be increased by increased raceme and flower production, while seed yield could be increased by increasing pod production. High yielding genotypes, in general, possessed higher earlier mentioned source (LAI) and sink (flower and pod number) characters which resulted in higher seed yield in mungbean. This information could be exploited in the future plant breeding programmes.
Key words: Source-sink, correlation, path analysis, mungbean.