Correlation and path-cofficient analysis of seed yield and yield related trait in Iranian confectionery sunflower populations
This study was undertaken in order to determine the association among yield components and their direct and indirect effects on the seed yield of confectionery sunflower. 36 confectionery sunflower populations originated from different regions of Northwest Iran were characterized using 11 agromorphological traits including: Days to 50% flowering, plant height, stem diameter, head diameter, number of leaves, leaf length, leaf width, petiole length, number of seeds per head, 100-seed weight and seed yield. Phenotypic correlations results show that seed yield per plant was positively and significantly associated with 100-seed weight, head diameter, number of seeds per head, stem diameter and plant height. Path coefficient analysis revealed that number of seed per head, 100-seed weight, and head diameter has positive direct effect on seed yield. Therefore, selection based on these characters would be more effective to improving seed yield in confectionery sunflower in breeding programs.
Key words: Helianthus annuus L., direct effect, phenotypic correlation, indirect selection.