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A novel phosphate-solubilizing bacterium HPP16 from plant rhizosphere of Shandong University of Science and Technology districts of Qingdao (China) was isolated and the effects on promoting growth of mung bean (Phaseolus radiatus) seedlings in Campus and Jinshatan; two kinds of acidic soils were studied. HPP16 was identified as Enterobacter asburiae on the basis of 16S rDNA sequencing. It was Indole-3-acetic acid producer, synthesized siderophores and showed acid phosphatase activity. After mung bean was inoculated with HPP16, the germination rate and healthy stand in A-2 (inoculated with fermentation liquid) increased by 26 and 25% compared to A-4 (inoculated with the distilled water; negative control), and were 26 and 31.7% in B-2 (inoculated with fermentation liquid) compared to B-4 (inoculated with the distilled water, negative control). The individual plant height, fresh weight and dry weight in A-2 increased by 7, 10 and 6% compared to A-4, and increased by 8.5, 24 and 9% in B-2 compared to B-4. Mung bean could also increase to absorb K+, Na+ and Mg2+ and improve the production of endogenous indole acetic acid (IAA), and also it reduced the production of abscisic acid (ABA). Findings of this study suggest that HPP16 may be exploited for developing a potential source of biofertilizer.
Key words: Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria, indole-3-acetic acid, siderophore, Enterobacter asburiae HPP16, mung bean, abscisic acid, phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB).