African Journal of Biomedical Research

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Nitrogen retention and water balance in animals fed medium protein diet amidst limited water supply

A Ajibola


Nitrogen metabolism of animals fed a medium protein diet (10.5% cp) ad
libitum with restricted water consumption was studied. During the 8-day
digestibility trial, 3 groups of five animals each were subjected to 30%,
50% and 100% water supply, with concomitant jugular blood samples
taken daily to monitor their hydration status. Water loss via the urine
reflects the animals water intake, thus control animals voided more urine
(P < 0.05) than 50% and 30% groups. Treatment groups retain high
amount of nitrogen, in contrast to control animals that lost 2.4% nitrogen
via the faeces. Inadequate drinking caused decreased excretion of urea.
The improved nitrogen retention coupled with high rates of urea recycling
enhances nutrients digestion and consequently the animals’ absorptive
. (Afr. J. Biomed. Res. 9: 225 – 229, September 2006)

Keywords: nitrogen, water restriction, digestion, urea, absorption, animals
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