Prevalence of Infertility in Women in a Southwestern Nigerian Community

  • J.O Sule
  • P Erigbali
  • L Eruom


The prevalence and common causes of infertility in women aged
between 15 and 55 years was assessed in four hospital centers in Osun
State, located in the SouthWestern part of Nigeria. A survey of a
consecutive sample of 200 cases of infertility were carried out in four
hospital centers with a total of 50 cases of infertility evaluated in each
of the centers between 2001 – 2003. The incidence of high infertility in
women was established in all the centers; (Obafemi Awolowo
University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife), 59.4%, (Obafemi Awolowo
University Teaching Hospital, Ilesa), 47.7%, (Ladoke Akintola
University Teaching Hospital, Oshogbo), 54.8% and (General Hospital,
Ikire), 44.2%. 77.5% was recorded for a high rate of secondary
Infertility, while Primary Infertility was 22.5%. The commonest causes
of infertility in this environment were, the tubal factor, uterine factor,
and ovarian factor representing 39.5%, 30% and 13% respectively. The
least common cause were cervical factor, Pelvic Infection Disease
(PID), and endometriosis which was seen in 3%, 5.5% and 2.5% of the
subjects respectively. There was also prevalence of infertility between
the ages: 15 – 25 years at the rate of 17%, while 26 – 35 years at the
rate of 31.5%. The majority of the cases occurred between the ages of
36 – 45 at the rate of 50.5% and between 46 – 55 years at the rate 1%.
(Afr. J. Biomed. Res. 11: 225 - 227)

Key words: Infertility, Pelvic Infection Disease (PID), endometriosis.


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eISSN: 1119-5096
print ISSN: 1119-5096