African Journal on Conflict Resolution https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajcr <p align="left">The objectives of the journal are to promote a culture of peace and stability by facilitating the exchanging of ideas and expertise within the conflict resolution community on the continent of Africa, to contribute to developing home-grown (African) methods of preventing, managing and resolving conflict on the continent and the provide a forum for information sharing, networking and learning in the field of conflict resolution. Articles of an academic nature on the theory and practice of dealing with conflict, especially in the context of Africa, are published. Envisaged readers are academic researchers, teachers and students and practitioners in the field of dealing with conflict.</p><p align="left">The <em>African Journal on Conflict Resolution</em> (AJCR) publishes the writings of a wide range of African and international authors in the field, but emphasis has deliberately been kept on African writers and the thinking emerging from African universities, colleges and organisations.</p><p>Other websites assiciated with this Journal: <a title="http://www.accord.org.za/publications/ajcr/downloads" href="http://www.accord.org.za/publications/ajcr/downloads" target="_blank">http://www.accord.org.za/publications/ajcr/downloads</a></p> ACCORD en-US African Journal on Conflict Resolution 1562-6997 Copyright is owned by ACCORD Foreword https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajcr/article/view/197786 <p>No Abstract.</p> Jannie Malan Copyright (c) 2020-07-21 2020-07-21 20 1 6 7 Applying restorative justice in resolving the farmers-herdsmen conflict in Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajcr/article/view/197788 <p>Farmers-herdsmen conf lict has become a recurring phenomenon in Nigeria. This article argues that the continuing occurrence of this conf lict can be explained by the non-application of restorative justice procedures by government when dealing with such conf lict. This has made the structures<br>of traditional conf lict resolution ineffective. The article concludes that the application of restorative justice as part of conf lict resolution mechanisms will more sustainably resolve the farmers-herders conf lict in the country, as well as enhance national security and development.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> restorative justice, farmers-herdsmen conf lict, climate change, conflict resolution, Nigeria</p> Emmanuel Ikechi Onah Bamidele Emmanuel Olajide Copyright (c) 2020-07-21 2020-07-21 20 1 8 34 Community-based reconciliation in practice and lessons for the National Peace and Reconciliation Commission of Zimbabwe https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajcr/article/view/197789 <p>Reconciliation in Zimbabwe remains a recurring question despite several interventions by the government to respond to the challenge. Such efforts<br>stretch as far back as the first decade of independence. A key observation about the failure of the interventions is the weak utilisation of localism. Yet other countries with similar historical experiences as Zimbabwe have&nbsp; Recorded better progress by embracing community-based methods. Indeed, the traditional liberal view that there is a universal set of approaches to reconciliation has for long been discredited and it is now widely accepted that due to diverse cultural values, practices and norms, communities should approach reconciliation in diverse ways. The National Peace and Reconciliation Commission (NPRC) of Zimbabwe has the opportunity to learn from other developing countries on how community approaches<br>unfolded, and apply such lessons in enriching its own programmes in the country. The East Timor and Sierra Leone cases are adduced as providing<br>practical and valuable insights upon which the NPRC can benchmark and refine its strategy, and take advantage of the idle pool of indigenous methods in the country.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: community-based, reconciliation in practice, lessons, National Peace and Reconciliation Commission, Zimbabwe</p> Lawrence Mhandara Copyright (c) 2020-07-21 2020-07-21 20 1 35 58 Strengthening traditional approaches to community-level land disputes: An action research project in western Uganda https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajcr/article/view/197790 <p>Since the discovery of oil in Bunyoro sub-region, land-related conflicts have grown rapidly. Traditional conf lict resolution capacities, which were already in a state of disrepair, have been side-lined and the court system has been overwhelmed. Given this context, the objective of this research was to enhance the capacity of local peacebuilders to help resolve land conf licts in their communities. The research was based on an action research approach which involved three phases – exploring the issue, planning and implementing an intervention and evaluating the short-term outcomes. In the exploration phase, data was collected using focus group discussions with community members and in-depth interviews with key informants. In the intervention phase, an action team was formed to help resolve landrelated conf licts in their communities, using traditional conf lict resolution approaches. The short-term outcomes show that local peacebuilding capacities were enhanced and that many land-related conf licts were resolved using traditional conf lict resolution approaches.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: peacebuilding, land conflicts, traditional conflict resolution, Uganda </p> Noel Kansiime Geoffrey Harris Copyright (c) 2020-07-21 2020-07-21 20 1 59 76 The role of politics in attempts to resolve the Manya-Yilo conflict in Ghana https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajcr/article/view/197791 <p>Conflict over a natural resource deposit is commonplace in many resourcerich African countries. Such is the case at Odugblase in the Eastern Region of Ghana where the Manya Krobo and the Yilo Krobo traditional councils are in a protracted conflict pertaining to their claims of sovereignty over<br>land-sites where limestone is mined – each vying for a greater portion of the mineral royalties set aside for local authorities. This article studies the<br>attempts by the government and the mining company (Ghana Cement Limited) to resolve the Manya-Yilo conflict, in order to understand why<br>none of them was successful. This study finds that the government’s committee of enquiry to resolve the Manya-Yilo conflict was unsuccessful<br>as the investigation process did not adequately involve the traditional councils and there is no political will to enforce the recommendation of the<br>committee. Similarly, a mediation attempt by Ghana Cement Limited was unsuccessful due to the limited involvement of the opponents. The complex political structure, the inadequate regulations for distributing mineral royalties, and weak municipal assemblies are major factors protracting the Manya-Yilo conflict. The traditional councils need to negotiate with each other so that they and their respective municipal assemblies&nbsp; receive the limestone royalties and use the funds to develop the mining community.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> natural resource conflict, revenues claimed, adjudication, mediation, politics, Ghana</p> John Narh Copyright (c) 2020-07-21 2020-07-21 20 1 77 102 Students’ Union–Management relations and conflict resolution mechanisms in Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajcr/article/view/197793 <p>Conflict is inevitable in any human relationship. The situation is the same in the university system where several groups with diverse interests exist.<br>While scholarly attention has focused on conf lict and conf lict resolution in the larger human society, less attention has been directed towards conf lict and its resolution between and among various groups within a university. This article empirically examines the relations between the Students’ Union (the body representing the students) and the management of Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU), and the conf lict resolution mechanisms<br>available to the groups. The article adopts secondary and primary data sourced from semi-structured interviews, and analyses the data using descriptive and content analysis methods. Findings show that the relations between the Students’ Union and the management of OAU are mixed, largely depending on the strategies adopted by the union leaders and the university administrators; that conf licts are mostly triggered by issues bordering on students’ welfare; and that mechanisms such as mediation, negotiation, and consultation are some of the conf lict resolution&nbsp; mechanisms between OAU students and management. The article concludes that the central issue between the Students’ Union and management of OAU is student welfare, and that to avert future conf licts, student welfare must be management’s priority at all times.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Students’ Union, Management, conf lict, conf lict resolution, relations, Obafemi Awolowo University</p> Odunayo Salmot Ogunbodede Harrison Adewale Idowu Temitayo Isaac Odeyemi Copyright (c) 2020-07-21 2020-07-21 20 1 103 131 What works? The African Union’s ad hoc approach, the African Standby Force or the African Capacity for Immediate Response to Conflict? https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajcr/article/view/197794 <p>The African Union (AU) has achieved much in conf lict management through its ad hoc approach to peacekeeping. Rather than contend on how to make this approach more effective, African conf lict scholars and bureaucrats are now favouring and focusing on the African Standby Force (ASF) and the African Capacity for Immediate Response to Conf lict (ACIRC). The debates often laud these mechanisms as necessary for effective peacekeeping in Africa without assessing if they can really get the job done. This paper queries the competency of these mechanisms in achieving stability in conf lict areas and asks if they can really be more effective than the ad hoc approach? This article contends that emphasis should rather be on improving the ad hoc approach than on the operationalisation of the two new mechanisms. This paper argues that the ad hoc approach has had major successes. The newly established mechanisms, though yet to be tested, will be ineffective in keeping the peace due to their major structural defects.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: conflict, peacekeeping, African Union, ad hoc approach, contingent character, force integrity, complementarity, subsidiarity&nbsp; </p> Jude Cocodia Copyright (c) 2020-07-21 2020-07-21 20 1 132 156 Book review: Overcoming Boko Haram: Faith, Society & Islamic Radicalization in Northern Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajcr/article/view/197795 <p>No Abstract.</p> Abdul Raufu Mustapha Kate Meagher eds Copyright (c) 2020-07-21 2020-07-21 20 1 157 160 Book review: The Scramble for Europe: Young Africa on its way to the Old Continent https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajcr/article/view/197796 <p>No Abstract.</p> Stephen Smith Copyright (c) 2020-07-21 2020-07-21 20 1 161 165