Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown on Food Intake in Nigeria
The outbreak of COVID-19 and the policy measures to halt its spread have undoubtedly changed the way consumers make food consumption and their overall livelihood choices globally. This study analysed the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown on household food intake in Nigeria. The study shows that the lockdown had a negative effect on food intake. The overall effects of the lockdown showed that 86% of the sampled respondents were greatly affected. Result showed that 51% of the respondents had their food intake declined because there was not enough food due to closure of markets, movement restrictions and paucity of funds. There was price increase and expenditures on basic food items increased. The study observed rationality theory in consumers as many people stockpiled foods items before the total lockdown, and some used personal savings to smooth consumption. The palliatives provided by the government did not get to many people especially the vulnerable. The study therefore, suggests that government should ensure equitable distribution of palliatives to support the stockpiled food items by the consumers.