Effect of technical university students’ language proficiency on their academic performance measured by their final cumulative grade point average

  • Maame-Afua Nkrumah Takoradi Technical University, Takoradi, Ghana
Keywords: academic success; cumulative grade point average; proficiency in English; multilevel modelling

Abstract

The importance of language in Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) cannot be over-emphasized. Although TVET focuses on skill acquisition, the desired skills cannot be acquired, if students are not proficient in, and cannot fully comprehend, the language of instruction during lectures and examinations. It was for this reason that, the current study looked at the effect of students’ language proficiency on their academic success as measured by their final cumulative grade point average (CGPA) using multilevel modelling techniques. Gender differences in the students’ academic success were also explored. The study was based on a data-set of 17,714 students (5,882 female and 11,832 males) from one Ghanaian Technical University in Ghana. It was observed that communication skills course grades, the proxy measure of their language proficiency, accounted for 15% of the total variance in the students’ CGPA. This confirms the important role language plays in TVET. The study findings are expected to assist TVET stakeholders in systemically re-orienting the minds of TVET students towards proficiency in the language of instruction.

Author Biography

Maame-Afua Nkrumah, Takoradi Technical University, Takoradi, Ghana

1International Programmes and External Linkages Office

Published
2021-05-29
Section
Articles

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print ISSN: 2508-1128