Inhibitive effects of 2-mercaptobenzimidazole (MBI) and 2-thiobenzylbenzimidazole (TBBI) on copper corrosion in 1 M nitric acid solution
The inhibitive actions of 2-mercaptobenzimidazole (MBI) and 2-thiobenzylbenzimidazole (TBBI) on copper corrosion in 1M HNO3 medium were studied, using weight loss method, at 25 to 65°C and concentrations of 5.10-5M to 10-3M. The results showed that the two compounds had fairly good inhibiting properties for copper corrosion in the medium, with efficiencies of 90.0% for TBBI and 87.7% for MBI at 25°C and concentration of 10-3M. Modified Langmuir isotherm was found to provide an accurate description of the behavior of the two compounds. The thermodynamic functions of adsorption (ΔG°ads,Qads) and the activation energy (Ea) were calculated. Negative values of changes in free energies were obtained, indicating the spontaneity of the adsorption process. From thermodynamic adsorption and dissolution functions, both physisorption and chemisorption were proposed. Quantum chemical parameters such as highest occupied molecular orbital energy (EHOMO), lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energy (ELUMO), energy gap (ΔE) and dipole moment (μ) were calculated for these compounds, using DFT/B3LYP/6-31G (d,p) method in order to discuss the correlation between theoretical data and experimental results. It was found that theoretical data support the experimental results.
Key words: Corrosion Inhibitor, inhibition efficiency, adsorption isotherm, free adsorption energy, adsorption heat, theoretical calculation, dipole moment.