TEA CONSUMPION PATTERNS OF 13-25 YEAR-OLDS IN HE VAAL TRIANGLE, SOUTH AFRICA

  • W. H. Oldewage-Theron Corresponding : Head of Food Department, Vaal Triangle Technikon, Private Bag X021, Vanderbijlpark 1900, South Africa.
  • E. Dicks Lecturer - Food Department, Vaal Triangle Technikon.
  • M. Selepe Lecturer - Nutrition Department, Vaal Triangle Technikon.

Abstract

This study formed part of a larger project in which food and beverage fortification as a way to address specific micronutrient deficiencies was evaluated in selected subjects in the Vaal Triangle. The objective of this study was to examine the suitability of the habit of tea drinking as a vehicle for fortification. This was achieved through a survey which sought information about the amount of tea consumed, the type of tea mostly consumed, additions to the tea, when tea is consumed, the reasons for tea consumption and preference for tea or other beverages. The study was conducted in a randomly selected sample of 500 male and female Africans, aged 13 to 25 years in the Vaal Triangle, South Africa. A combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods were used simultaneously and sequentially to collect data. Questionnaires were designed in which open questions addressing the objectives of the research were validated and sent out to collect the information. The results showed that most respondents (92.9 %) consumed at least one cup of tea daily, with rooibos tea selected as the most popular in this study (50 % of tea consumed). Sugar (40.4 %) and milk (37.0 %) are added most often to the tea. Respondents indicated that the preferred times for tea consumption are at breakfast, early morning and evening. According to the preference scales of these respondents, tea was the third most consumed beverage in summer and the first most consumed beverage in winter.
Key words: fortification, micronutrient deficiencies, tea consumption.
Résumé
LES MODELES DE CONSOMMATION DE THE DE 13-25 ANNEE VIEILLE DANS LE TRIANGLE DE VAAL, SA
Cette étude formé d'un grand projet dans lequel nourriture et comme une façon adresser spécifique micronutrient a été évalué dans choisi sujets dans le Vaal . L'objectif de cette étude était d'examiner le suitability de l'habitude de boire de thé comme un véhicule pour fortification. Ceci a été atteint par une étude qui a cherché information de la quantité de thé consommé, le type de thé surtout , additions au thé, quand thé est consommé, les raisons pour thé et préférence pour thé ou autre boissons. {The study was conducted in a randomly selected sample of 500 male and female Africans, aged 13 to 25 years old in the Vaal Triangle, South Africa. A combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods were used simultaneously and sequentially to collect data. Questionnaires were designed in which open questions addressing the objectives of the research were validated and sent out to collect the information.} Les résultats ont montré que la plupart des répondants (92.9 %) a consommé au moins une tasse de thé quotidien, avec le thé de rooibos a choisi comme le plus populaire dans cette étude (50 % de thé a consommé). Le sucre (40.4 %) et le lait (37.0 %) sont ajouté le plus souvent au thé. Répondants a indiqué que le préféré temps pour thé sont à petit déjeuner, premier matin et soir. Selon la préférence de ces répondants, thé était le tiers plus consommé dans été et le premièrement dans hiver.
Le mots principal: fortification, les déficiences de micronutrient, la consommation de thé.

(Af. J. Food and Nutritional Sciences: 2002 2 (1): 38-45)
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Articles

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eISSN: 1684-5374
print ISSN: 1684-5358