Cell epitopes of the esxA full gene of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from sputum of MDR-TB patients
Background: In 2015, World Health Organization (WHO) discovered 10.4 million tuberculosis (TB) cases around the world. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) became a threat because it has high mortality number. There were 480,000 new MDR-TB cases in 2015. Based on those problems, diagnostic development to detect M. tuberculosis rapidly and accurately is needed. The importance of detecting epitope expression of esxA full gene because there was a potential of complexity over the protein structure and might affect the protein concentration. By knowing epitope prediction, there’s an expectation that it can help the development of TB diagnostic. This research was aimed to determine the T cell epitope prediction of esxA full gene from MDR-TB patients
Material and Methods: Total of 24 MDR-TB sputum isolate from TB patients at Dr. Soetomo Hospital were collected from September to December 2016. Samples were confirmed as MDR-TB using GeneXpert and Bactec MGIT 960. Those samples tested using PCR targeted 580 bp of esxA gene and sequencing. Gene sequence was aligned against wild type using Bioedit program version 7.2.5 and NCBI BLAST. T cell epitope prediction was analyzed by GENETYX version 10.
Results: Epitope predictions that could be obtained were IEAAAS, ASAIQG, VTSIHS, TKLAAA, VTGMFA based IAd Pattern Position and EAAAS based Rothbard/Taylor Pattern Position. Those prediction epitopes can determine the severity of disease, therefore full gene of esxA could be used as diagnostic target.
Conclusion: This research discovered five specific T cell epitope prediction based on IAd Pattern Position and one epitope prediction according to Rothbard/Taylor Pattern Position.
Keywords: esxA gene, ESAT-6, T cell epitope prediction, MDR-TB