Computer Anxiety and Computer Self-Efficacy in Computer-Based Tests in Selected Universities in South-West Nigeria

  • Williams Nwagwu
  • Olukunle Adebayo


This study was designed to examine the influence of demographic and personality factors on computer anxiety and computer efficacy among first -year students admitted into three universities (CBT) in southwest Nigeria through computer-based test strategies. Using a questionnaire, data was collected from 892 students who were willing to participate in the study. In terms of the demographic characteristics of respondents in the study, the student populations from the three universities are homogenous as Chi Square analysis showed no significant differences among them. Logistics regression analysis shows that computer self-efficacy and computer attitude are considerably high while computer anxiety is relatively low. However, the number of students reporting low self-esteem (33.91%) and low exposure (31.10%) can be considered relatively high. None of the demographic factors predicted computer anxiety but male (â=0.742, p=0.000) and semi-urban residential status (â=-0.542, p=0.001) significantly predicted computer self-efficacy. Also, self-esteem and computer exposure did not predict computer anxiety and high computer self-efficacy, but they did computer self-efficacy. Basically, dealing with computer anxiety and improving self-efficacy of students in respect of CBT will require students being pre-exposed to CBT type of examinations for relatively long periods prior to the examination. User Perceptions about Archives at the Lutheran Theological Institute Library, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa

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eISSN: 0795-4778