https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajlais/issue/feed African Journal of Library, Archives and Information Science 2022-11-11T15:33:41+00:00 Prof Omwoyo Bosire Onyancha onyanob@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p><em>African Journal of Library, Archives and Information Science</em> is established mainly to provide a forum for librarians, archivists, documentalists, information scientists and other information related professionals in Africa to report their research findings but with emphasis on African setting. The Journal is refereed by distinguished scholars. Emphasis is on empirical research; however, manuscripts of high quality on theoretical aspects of the three information related disciplines will be considered for publication.</p> <p>Please read the <a title="Author Guidelines" href="https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajlais/about/submissions">Author Guidelines</a> to ensure that your manuscript meets ALL the requirements before you can proceed to submit your manuscsript.</p> <p><strong>Submit a manuscript for publication at&nbsp;</strong><a href="https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajlais/submissions">Online Submissions</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajlais/article/view/235958 How authorship position, journal prestige and author processing charges impact inequalities in COVID-19 research with authors from Sub-Saharan African Countries 2022-11-10T15:59:15+00:00 Toluwase Victor Asubiaro asubiaro@ualberta.ca <p>COVID-19 has exacerbated research inequality because of the changes in workplace settings. This study presents an insight into the extent of inequalities during the first year of COVID-19 using Sub-Saharan African countries’ COVID-19 publication data from Web of Science, MEDLINE and Scopus. The analysis included the publisher’s address, CiteScore of the journals and author processing charges (APC) of open access journal articles. Only 13.4% of the journal publishers were in Sub-Saharan African countries, and 21.14% of the articles were published in Sub-Saharan African journals. Publishers from the Netherlands (30.72%), the UK (24.23%) and USA (14.81%) published the highest number of journals. Authors from the Sub-Saharan African region were underrepresented in the first and last author positions. Mega journals published outside Sub- Saharan Africa were twenty-five times more prestigious than those published in the region. Sub-Saharan Africa paid more author processing fees than it received. More equitable global research practices may reduce the imbalances as observed in this study.</p> 2022-11-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajlais/article/view/236000 Research field specialisation in selected universities in Kenya 2022-11-11T14:18:35+00:00 Omwoyo Bosire Onyancha onyanob@unisa.ac.za Naomi Mwai onyanob@unisa.ac.za <p>The analysis of the subject representation of research outputs is a common occurrence in bibliometric studies, most probably because subject area analysis forms part of the indicators of ranking universities in some global ranking systems. However, the size, mission and vision of different universities seem to dictate their research niche areas, with some universities focusing on some subject areas or research fields more than others. The purpose of this study was to examine the research field specialisation in selected public universities in Kenya. The study targeted all public universities but only 17 met the threshold of 100 publications each for the period 2011-2020. The relevant data was obtained from the SCIVAL database. The findings show that Kenya produces the greatest number of publications in medicine and agriculture. The selected universities exhibited strong performance in the same fields, with four universities publishing in all research fields. In terms of field specialisation, 16 universities posted more than 10 specialisation fields, whereas only one registered fewer than 10 fields of specialisation, implying diversification of the fields of research across all the universities. Physics was the most common field of specialisation in the selected universities. The least common field of research in the selected universities was dentistry, which yielded papers in only four universities and a specialisation index greater than 1.0 in only two universities. The study makes several conclusions and recommendations for policymakers, university management and other stakeholders.</p> 2022-11-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajlais/article/view/236003 Librarians’ capacity development programmes and job performance in state university libraries in South-South, Nigeria 2022-11-11T14:22:53+00:00 Mercy Ekenma Echem mercy.echem@ust.edu.ng <p>This study investigated librarians’ capacity development programmes and job performance in state university libraries in South-South, Nigeria. The study adopted a correlational design. The population of the study consists of one hundred and twenty-five (125) professional librarians across the ten state-owned university libraries, of which Ninety-eight (98) librarians participated in response to the instrument of the study indicating 78.4% return rate. Census sampling technique was adopted. Questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection. The structured questionnaire was designed to elicit information on the demographic characteristics of the respondents, responses on Librarians’ Capacity Development Programmes such as on-the- job, in-service, off-the-job and mentoring (independent variables), and responses on Librarians’ Job Performance (dependent variable). Four-Point Rating Scale was utilised. The instrument was validated by experts in the required fields. Cronbach Alpha formula was used to determine the reliability co-efficient (r) of 0.88 for capacity development programmes and 0.94 for job performance respectively. Data collected were analysed by descriptive statistics utilising frequency distribution, percentage, mean and standard deviation. Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) was utilised to determine the relationship between the dependent and independent variables while the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 alpha level of significance. The result revealed that, there were weak but positive relationships between on-the-job, in-service, off-the- job and mentoring capacity development and librarians’ job performance in State university libraries. It was recommended that management should encourage more practice of internal rotation of librarians within the system in addition to proper orientation and delegation of responsibilities and that effective mentor and mentee relationship practice in academic libraries should be strengthened. This will give room for the active development of successful successors, amongst others.</p> 2022-11-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajlais/article/view/236005 Promoting university research output in Ghana through open access institutional repository 2022-11-11T14:27:45+00:00 Pearl Joan Korkuvi pjkorkuvi@uew.edu.gh Stephen Budu s.budu@pceakropong.edu.gh Samuel Owusu-Ansah sowusu-ansah@ug.edu.gh <p>The article focuses on awareness of institutional repository (IR), and visibility of research output through IR to enhance the visibility of university research output in higher education institutions in Ghana. One hundred and fifteen librarians were selected using a quantitative methodology. Data were collected using a questionnaire, and the results were generated using descriptive statistics. The study found out that universities in Ghana mostly relied on the “mediated-archiving” model during uploads of research output than self-archiving approach. Strategies to promote IR for its intended benefits include mandating academics and students to deposit intellectual content, linking publication metrics to academic promotions and aggressively enhancing awareness of the IR. Our paper concludes that information specialists need to be creative in sensitising researchers and the academic community regarding the visibility of their research output by using IR.</p> 2022-11-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajlais/article/view/236006 Use, accessibility, and satisfaction of librarians in selected higher educational institutions in Oyo State, Nigeria with integrated library management systems 2022-11-11T14:35:10+00:00 Williams E. Nwagwu willieezi@yahoo.com Aminat Abiodun Sulaimon willieezi@yahoo.com <p>This study was conducted to examine the use, accessibility, and satisfaction of librarians in selected higher educational institutions in Oyo State, Nigeria with integrated library management systems. Data were collected from 170librarians, library officers and system analysts, using a questionnaire designed and administered by the researcher. The majority of the institution libraries use of PMB (PhpMyBibl) software and only one institution namely the University of Ibadan, Integrated Library Management Software (ILMS) and Dominican University make use of in-house software. Cataloguing module is the most deployed compared to other modules of the ILMS in use. The most available module of the ILMS is the cataloguing module while the library registration service is the most accessible service. Librarians with higher qualifications, who have lower positions at work, and less number of years in the services, are females, and younger in age expressed satisfaction with the ILMS compared to others. With regards to specific accessibility factors, only system quality, net benefits, availability, and affordability were significantly related to satisfaction of the librarians in respect of the use of the ILMS to meet their library services’ needs. The number of years the librarians have spent in service, and the gender of the librarians are not significant variables in respect of the satisfaction of the librarians with the ILMS. The quality of service delivered by the systems, their accessibility, utilisation, adequacy, and acceptability which are ordinarily considered crucial factors, did not predict satisfaction with the use of the ILMS.</p> 2022-11-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajlais/article/view/236010 Plagiarism and copyright among LIS professionals in Nigeria: an assumption or a reality? 2022-11-11T14:39:03+00:00 Ngozi Perpetua Osuchukwu ok.udem@unizik.edu.ng Obiora Kingsley Udem ok.udem@unizik.edu.ng Moses Nwosu holymoses1@yahoo.com <p>Every day, papers are published from research by professionals in different journals, books, and websites for new knowledge. These are good practices for sharing knowledge. However, academic misconduct has been noticed, indicating plagiarism and infringement of copyright. This paper investigated the existence of plagiarism and copyright infringement among LIS professionals in Nigeria; the degree of involvement; causes; and punitive measures for the offenders. This is a survey research design that uses an online Google form for the collection of data. The online questionnaire was sent to different librarians’ WhatsApp platforms. Findings showed that 98% of the respondents acknowledged the existence of plagiarism and copyright infringement. It was also discovered that poor searching skills, laziness, the pressure of publish-or-perish, and lack of punishment cause plagiarism and copyright infringement. The respondents strongly agreed that offenders could be demoted, prosecuted, and have their publication withdrawn and announced publicly. The implication of the study is that intellectual property would be abused and disregarded if plagiarism and copyright infringement were not checked by LIS professionals. The study recommended more awareness, training, use of plagiarism checkers, and punishment enforcement to curb plagiarism and copyright infringement.</p> 2022-11-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajlais/article/view/236012 Memory and archives: documenting white minorities in post colonial Zimbabwe 2022-11-11T14:45:17+00:00 Samuel Chabikwa chabis@unisa.ac.za Nathan Mnjama mnjamanm@ub.ac.bw Maitseo Bolaane Bolaanem@ub.ac.bw Patrick Ngulube ngulup@unisa.ac.za <p>Archives and societal memory are contested territories, archives are selective memory and the voices of the elites overshadow those of minorities and the underrepresented. The archives of Zimbabwe are inherently colonial like most former colonies and attempts at addressing the colonial imbalance (Oral History Programmes) has resulted in the marginalisation of the white community as both a racial and numerical minority. The study sought to ascertain the strategies employed by the White Community in the archiving of their Historical Manuscripts (HM). Data were collected from the management committees of former white community institutions, and individuals with knowledge on white minority archives in Zimbabwe using interviews. The findings of the study established that the records of the white community are stored and preserved in undetermined conditions, their format nature and quantity unknown and thus vulnerable to neglect and decay. The major recommendation arising out of the study is that intervention strategies are required to ensure that records originating from the White settler associations are collected and preserved so that they will ultimately contribute to an integrated societal memory in Zimbabwe.</p> 2022-11-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajlais/article/view/236015 Gender differences and use of digital resources in university libraries in Nigeria 2022-11-11T14:49:40+00:00 Kolawole Francis Ogunbodede kolawole.ogunbodede@uat.edu.ng Humphrey Igwechi Wiche humphrey.wiche@gmail.com Benedicta Okechukwu Uchendu benedicta.uchendu@gmail.com <p>Gender inequalities and the use of digital resources (DR) were investigated among students at the University of Africa (UAT) in Bayelsa State and the Ignatius Ajuru University of Education (IAUE) in Rivers State, Nigeria. The research was directed by two research questions and one hypothesis. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used by the researchers. The study’s population comprised 6,500 students from the two universities and the sample size was based on the total number of students who used the digital libraries during the 2020/ 2021 academic year. The sample size was generated from the students’ registration list in the digital libraries. The questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. Yamane sample size formula was used to determine the sample size which is 696. Data were analysed with frequency counts, simple percentages, and Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) version 23 was used to generate the mean, and standard deviation, while Chi-Square was used to test the hypothesis at a 0.05 significant level. The results found that the male students used digital resources more than female students. Data were analysed with frequency counts, simple percentages, and Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) version 23 was used to generate the mean, and standard deviation, while Chi- Square was used to test the hypothesis at a 0.05 significant level. The results found that the male students used digital resources more than female students and the students he questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection, and the Taro Yamane sample size formula was used to determine the sample size which is 696. Data were analysed with frequency counts, simple percentages, and Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) version 23 was used to generate the mean, and standard deviation, while Chi- Square was used to test the hypothesis at a 0.05 significant level. The results found that the male students used digital resources more than female students and the sample had positive perceptions of the effects of using digital resources. Further analysis using Chi-Square revealed that there is a statistically significant difference in the use of digital resources by gender in the study. The researchers concluded that university libraries should create more awareness and continue to expand and encourage female students to use digital resources to favorably compete with male students to enhance learning outcomes. The libraries should also organise training on how to use digital resources focusing more on female students.</p> 2022-11-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c)