African Journal of Management Research https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajmr <p>Topics and themes appropriate for <em>African Journal of Management Research</em> will come from and cut across organisational/institutional sectors (public, private, non-for-profit) and address matters of theory, research and practice from a variety of management and organisational disciplines including: Finance, Operations, Human Resource, Organisational Behaviour, Marketing Services, Public Administration, Health Services Management, and Information systems.</p><p>AJMR aims to serve management and business academics.</p> University of Ghana Business School (UGBS) en-US African Journal of Management Research 2343-6689 <p>The copyright belongs to the University of Ghana Business School.</p><p>The journal content is licensed under a <strong><span class="cc-license-title">Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International</span> </strong><span class="cc-license-identifier"><strong>(CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) License. </strong></span></p> Editorial https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajmr/article/view/193769 <p>No Abstract.</p> A.Q.Q. Aboagye Copyright (c) 2020-03-13 2020-03-13 26 Organisational Culture and the Implementation of Hospital Information Systems: Evidence from Ghana https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajmr/article/view/193770 <p><strong>Background:</strong> The study examined the relationship between organisational culture and the successful implementation of a Hospital Information System in a provincial hospital in Ghana. Organisational culture was operationalized and measured using the Competing Values Framework (CVF), whiles the successful implementation of an HIS was operationalized through the Technology Acceptance Model, such that organisational culture either influenced directly, attitudes towards the use of the HIS or indirectly through perceived usefulness (PU) or perceived ease of use (PEOU) of the HIS.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>: Using a cluster-based sampling technique, data for the study was collected from 120 staff members and was analyzed using descriptive statistics and Partial Least Squares based Structural Equation Modeling (PLS SEM).</p> <p><strong>Findings</strong>: The results of the study suggest that although a positive direct relationship exists between organisational culture and successful<br>HIS implementation, the relationship is not significant. On the contrary, organisational culture is significantly correlated with successful HIS<br>implementation but through PU rather than PEOU.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: We argue that this finding is a reflection of the heterogeneity of the interpretations of culture at the different levels of analysis. As<br>such health facility-related employees who operate in different context and levels of the organisation, may be more interested in the usefulness of a<br>change as opposed to how easy it is for them to adjust to a change program in an organisation.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Organisational culture, Implementation, Hospital information systems, Ghana</p> Gordon Abekah- Nkrumah Kwame Anim Boamah Charles Gyamfi Ofori Copyright (c) 2020-03-13 2020-03-13 26 2 20 Business Associations as tools for Promoting Efficient Business Performance: The Historical Perspectives and Evolving Roles https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajmr/article/view/193777 <p>This paper explores the evolving roles of business associations (BAs) in promoting efficient administrative and business performance in the&nbsp; interdependent private and public sectors, regardless of firm size and operational scale. BAs’ literature from medieval time to date is used to show the evolving and elevating roles of BAs in development; much done in developed and emerging economies. The BAs’ historical contexts’&nbsp; dissemination that could solidify their theoretical and empirical significance in institutions for developmental dimensions, especially in developing world has received little attention to date. The current paper drags back historically from the past so as to appreciate the work of BAs for promoting efficient business performance. It highlights BAs categorization criteria whose management matters for realizing economic efficiency and beneficial social relations. This paper contributes to the scanty body of knowledge in the areas of BAs history and folds their unfading influence to business performance strategies and policies over centuries. The paper finds that though BAs’ potential for promoting efficiency is historical, empirical and feasible, but with individuals and/or governments’ intentions, BAs can be misused and be abusive to developmental initiatives and outcomes.<br>Thus, it recommends a continuous learning amongst members and thorough management and monitoring of BAs stakeholders’ dynamism in terms of intentions, power and interests for enhancing effective members’ involvement for realization of the BAs’ optimal social and economic benefits.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Business Associations, Networks, Performance</p> Freddy J. Gamba Copyright (c) 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 26 22 38 Effect Of Dividend Policy on Share Price Of Listed Conglomerate Firms in Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajmr/article/view/193778 <p>This study examines the effect of dividend policy on the share price of listed conglomerate firms in Nigeria. The population of the study consists of six (6) listed conglomerate firms on the Nigerian Stock Exchange as at 31/12/2016. All the listed conglomerate firms were used due to small sample<br>size. Secondary data were collected from the sampled firms via their published audited financial statements for 10 years, ranging from 2007 to<br>2016. Multiple regression was used to analyze the data. The results show that dividend yield has a positive and significant effect on share prices<br>of the listed conglomerate firms in Nigeria, while earnings yield has a negative and significant effect on share prices of the listed conglomerate firms in Nigeria. However, dividend payout ratio has a negative insignificant effect on share prices of listed conglomerate firm in Nigeria. Based on the findings, the study concludes that the dividend policy has a significant effect on share price. The study, therefore, recommends that firms should adopt a policy of consistent dividends paid to shareholders as it will attract investors to increase their investment by way of buying more of the company’s stock. This is because investors see a firm that pays a high dividend as evidence of the company’s financial strength and well-being and concludes that management has positive expectations for future earnings which makes the stock more attractive.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Share price, dividend yield, earnings yield, dividend payout, conglomerate firms </p> Seini Odudu Abu Emmanuel Adebayo Copyright (c) 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 26 39 55 Determinants of Financial Performance of Microfinance Institutions in Ethiopia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajmr/article/view/193779 <p>Poverty is the major challenges faced by developing countries in pursuit of their social and economic development. Microfinances are established to provide opportunity mainly to rural poor to become financially self-sufficient and come out of poverty. Due to the very high contribution of MFIs in&nbsp; poverty reduction and economic development in developing countries like Ethiopia exploring factors determining the financial performance of&nbsp; these institutions is doubtless. The objective of this study is to identify the effect of firm specific, industry specific and macroeconomic factors&nbsp; determining the financial performance of selected microfinance institutions in Ethiopia. In order to achieve the stated objective, quantitative&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; approaches and explanatory research design were employed. The study used financial ratios of eleven (11) purposively selected MFIs for a period of 12 years from 2003 to 2014 with a total of 132 observations. Return on asset and return on equity were used as measure of financial performance. Portfolio at risk, firm size, operating cost, portfolio to asset, capital adequacy, market concentration, gross domestic product and annual inflation rate were used as independent variables. Descriptive and random effects regression analysis was used to analyze the data. The result revealed that Loan portfolio, Portfolio at Risk, operating cost ratio, market concentration, GDP are the major determinants of financial performance. MFIs in Ethiopia are recommended to revise their credit procedures and policies to increase their repayment rates and the government has to intervene and support their operation so as to make them financially viable and strong to reduce poverty.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Ethiopia, Determinants, Financial Performance, Microfinance Institution </p> Endalachew Bekalu Kenenisa Lemie Endalew Gutu Copyright (c) 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 26 56 68 Characteristics of Business Owner’s Strategic Networking: Are There Differences Between Exporters and Non-exporters? https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajmr/article/view/193780 <p>While both macro and micro benefits of SMEs exporting activities are well confirmed in the literature, in most countries, exporting SMEs are few&nbsp; compared to non-exporters. Unfortunately, few studies in the field examine exporters and nonexporters behaviour together with regard to why&nbsp; nonexporters remain focused on the domestic market, even though, they may be of similar sizes, operate in the same geographical market and face&nbsp; The same market conditions with the exporters. This paper integrates the network theory and resource-based view of the firm (RBV) to explore the differences in exporters and non-exporters with regard to the characteristics of the business owners’ networking. The study uses the qualitative multi-case study research approach based on 36 exporters and 33 non-exporters to examine the topic in Ghana, a new and very promising geographical context. Using the qualitative content analysis as the main analytical technique to code the perception of both groups, four main differences emerged. The results show that the capacity of the exporters with regard to owner-manager’s networking size, content, structure and interactions are higher than the non-exporters. Based on the findings, the implications of the study on public policy and practice are suggested.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Networking, export, SMEs, Ghana</p> Obi Berko O. Damoah Copyright (c) 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 26 63 90 Gender Discrimination and Employment Decision: A Study of Selected Banks in Kano State, Nigeria https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajmr/article/view/193781 <p>The inconsistency in the previous studies have stirred up serious controversies concerning gender discrimination in the money deposit banks&nbsp; (MDBs), when it comes to employment decision in the northern region of Nigeria. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of socio-cultural norms on employment decisions in the selected MDBs in northern region Nigeria. The descriptive research design was employed because the study involved eliciting the opinions of some employees in the banking sector. A sample size of 150 respondents from selected banks were purposively selected. The R2 value of 0.862 on Univariate linear model indicated that no fewer than 86.2% change in employment decision is caused by a unit increase in gender superiority, sex discrimination, gender educational difference, culture and religious, which were collectively termed as the attributes of socio-cultural norms in the study area. The variance was highly significant as indicated in the F-value in the corrected model&nbsp; (F=156.087 and P &lt; 0.05) and all the six (6) proxies of socio-cultural norms were significantly related with employment decision at 5% level. The directions of impact of these socio-cultural norms over employment decision were all positive, except gender discrimination, which reveals that women received less opportunity than their male counterparts. This invariably has negative effect on the employment decision in the selected&nbsp; banks. It was recommends that Nigerian governments at all levels should liaise with traditional rulers and other stakeholders to ensure that all harmful and traditional practices, which affect only women, should be eradicated.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Gender, Discrimination, Employment decision, Cultural, Norm, Religious, Kano metropolis </p> Isiaka Sulu Babaita Mustapha Olanrewaju Aliyu Copyright (c) 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 26 91 106 Sickle Cell Disease Awareness, Depth of Knowledge and Attitude Towards Premarital Screening Among Students in Ghana https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajmr/article/view/193782 <p><strong>Background</strong>: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a genetic disease that results when an individual inheritstwo abnormal haemoglobin genes, one from each parent. It has been estimated that about 15,000 babies (2% of births) are born yearly with SCD in Ghana, thus SCD is a major public health issue. This study explored the awareness of SCD among students of a second cycle institution in Ghana’s most populous city, Accra, as well as their knowledge<br>about the disease and attitudes towards premarital counselling and premarital screening. Responses to a self-administered questionnaire were received from 115 randomly selected respondents. Findings show that 71.3% of respondents were aware of SCD. The proportion of females who&nbsp; were aware of SCD was higher than males. An interesting source from which a good proportion of respondents received information about SCD is social media. Of those who were aware of SCD, only 54.9% knew that it is a hereditary disease. Virtually all respondents did not have adequate&nbsp; knowledge on the presentation of the disease. As many as 65.9% of those aware of SCD thought it has a cure. While a majority of respondents were aware that pre-marital screening has something to do with prevention of the disease, only a little over a quarter of those aware of SCD knew&nbsp; precisely what pre-marital screening for SCD is about. Respondents were generally pre-disposed to premarital screening however. The study&nbsp; concludes that more intensive education on SCD early in the life of the youth, particular about pre-marital screening, would help in reducing the incidence of SCD in Ghana. More widespread studies along the dimensions of this study are recommended.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Sickle cell disease, awareness, knowledge, Premarital screening, Attitude. </p> Joan Ama Foanor Aboagye Anthony Q. Q. Aboagye Copyright (c) 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 26 107 119 Exploring options for financial sustainability of Ghana’s National Health Insurance Scheme https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajmr/article/view/193783 <p>Even though Ghana’s National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) has been hailed as a success story of health financing in developing countries, it is facing serious challenges of financial sustainability. This has been attributed to several factors including low premium contribution by the informal sector, low health insurance levy (NHIL) and large exemption package. However, no study has been done to explore options for reforms to sustain the scheme. The objective of this study was to explore options for reforms to sustain Ghana’s National Health Insurance Scheme. A cross-sectional survey of five hospitals within the Greater Accra Region of Ghana was conducted. Questionnaire was administered to a total of 596 patients. Data was analysed with the aid of SPSS version 20 using descriptive statistics and chisquare analysis. The results showed that only 2 in 10 respondents approved of increasing premium as a means of raising revenue to sustain the scheme. About 4 in 10 were in favour of increasing the NHIL. About 5 in 10 were in favour of co-payment for in-patients services, while about 3 in 10 approved of copayment for out-patient services. Over 7 in 10 respondents were in favour of other forms of taxes such as company tax and sin tax. Tax sources of revenue will be the most feasible option to ensure financial sustainability of the NHIS. Increasing the NHIL from 2.5% to 4% or 5% will improve the financial position of the NHIS. Co-payments could be introduced as a temporary measure.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: health insurance, patients, exemption mechanisms, children, primary care, access</p> Aaron Asibi Abuosi Copyright (c) 2020-03-16 2020-03-16 26 120 133