African Journal of Marine Science 2023-01-02T13:44:56+00:00 Publishing Manager Open Journal Systems <p>The <em>African</em> (formerly <em>South African</em>) <em>Journal of Marine Science</em> provides an international forum for the publication of original scientific contributions or critical reviews, involving oceanic, shelf or estuarine waters, inclusive of oceanography, studies of organisms and their habitats, and aquaculture. Papers on the conservation and management of living resources, relevant social science and governance, or new techniques, are all welcomed, as are those that integrate different disciplines. Priority will be given to rigorous, question-driven research, rather than descriptive research. Contributions from African waters, including the Southern Ocean, are particularly encouraged, although not to the exclusion of those from elsewhere that have relevance to the African context. Submissions may take the form of a paper or a short communication. The journal aims to achieve a balanced representation of subject areas but also publishes proceedings of symposia in dedicated issues, as well as guest-edited suites on thematic topics in regular issues.</p> <p class="MsoNormal">The <em>African Journal of Marine Science</em> is available full text online and more information can be accessed <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">here</a>.&nbsp;</p> An assessment of the impact of participation in the Oceanographic Research Institute’s Cooperative Fish Tagging Project on angler attitudes and behaviour 2023-01-02T06:32:10+00:00 JB Mann-Lang BQ Mann GL Jordaan R Daly <p><strong>Scientific output has proven the value of the Oceanographic Research Institute’s Cooperative Fish Tagging Project (ORI-CFTP) to biological and fisheries research, with more than 95 published manuscripts based on data from the ORI-CFTP. This study reviews the project from the perspective of participating anglers. A total of 267 members of the ORI-CFTP responded to an online survey designed to gather data on the profile of tagging members, their preferred methods of communication, attitudes towards fish tagging and fish conservation in general, changes in angling behaviour since becoming a member of the project, and support for the continuation of the ORI-CFTP. The results reveal that the ORI-CFTP has indeed made a considerable contribution towards improving the conservation ethics and behaviour of marine recreational anglers in South Africa. Improved communication with anglers— both taggers and non-taggers—through the ORI-CFTP has the potential to amplify much-needed conservation information to the broader angling community and thereby enhance environmental awareness. Recommendations on how to improve the ORI-CFTP and other angling-related citizen science projects are provided.</strong></p> 2023-01-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Diet and condition of juvenile deep-water hake <i>Merluccius paradoxus</i> on the west coast of southern Africa 2023-01-02T07:20:10+00:00 E Gammon CL Moloney MR Lipiński <p><strong>The composition of the diet of juvenile deep-water hake </strong><strong><em>Merluccius paradoxus </em></strong><strong>is described and compared for three body-condition groups (below-average, average, and above-average). Diet was analysed using three metrics: occurrence, numeric and gravimetric. Juvenile hakes were caught in January and February of 2012 by means of 28 trawl deployments from the RV </strong><strong><em>Dr Fridtjof Nansen </em></strong><strong>between Orange Banks and Hondeklip Bay on the west coast of southern Africa at depths of 30–232 m. The 300 individuals analysed were a representative sample of all juveniles caught (3 114 fish), ranging in length from 52 to 205 mm (average length 107 mm). Their diet consisted of the euphausiid </strong><strong><em>Euphausia lucens</em></strong><strong>, the hyperiid amphipod </strong><strong><em>Themisto gaudichaudii</em></strong><strong>, the stomatopod </strong><strong><em>Pterygosquilla armata capensis</em></strong><strong>, and mesopelagic fishes </strong><strong><em>Maurolicus muelleri </em></strong><strong>and </strong><strong><em>Lampanyctodes hectoris</em></strong><strong>. The only significant difference in diet between the body-condition groups was for euphausiids and hyperiid amphipods in the numeric metric. A new method of assessing fish condition using otolith weight was tested. Because of the large variability in the data and small sample size, this method could not be applied effectively in this study. However, otolith weight has potential as a new fish condition metric when the variability can be lowered.</strong></p> 2023-01-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Comparisons of macrofaunal communities occupying shores across the full particle-size spectrum reveals pebble beaches to be a distinct coastal habitat type 2023-01-02T06:58:35+00:00 A Robbins CL Griffiths L Nefdt <p><strong>Intertidal research has focused primarily on very fine to coarse sandy beaches (grain size &lt;1 mm) and on rocky shores, while shores with grain sizes of 1–256+ mm have rarely been studied. Within South Africa, few published accounts describe the biota of very coarse sand (1–&lt;2 mm), granule (2–&lt;4 mm), pebble (4–&lt;64 mm) or cobble (64–&lt;256 mm) shores, and only one reports on boulder (256+ mm) shores. The objective here was to determine how many distinct habitat types occur across the full spectrum of particle sizes within this region, and what taxa characterise the biota of each habitat type. Biota from 14 shores of grain sizes 1–256 mm within the Western Cape Province (south-eastern Atlantic Ocean) were sampled and compared with similar published data from 32 other regional sites with either finer or coarser grain size. Three main groupings emerged from a similarity analysis: sandy shores (of particle size &lt;1 mm); pebble (4–&lt;64 mm) shores; and boulder (256+ mm) plus rocky shores, with cobbles serving as a transition between those two. Sandy shores were characterised by various burrowing taxa, and boulder (&gt;256 mm) and rocky shores mostly by grazing gastropods. Shores of 4–&lt;64 mm particle grain size were colonised by a distinctive but previously unrecognised macrofaunal community characterised by an impoverished fauna dominated by small, mobile, mostly air-breathing arthropod taxa.</strong></p> 2023-01-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) New host–parasite associations of Cymothoidae (Crustacea, Isopoda) infesting elasmobranch fishes in Tunisian waters 2023-01-02T07:02:38+00:00 F Youssef B Benmansour Z Ramdane <p><strong>Between 2015 and 2020, 2 092 specimens of cartilaginous fishes (Chondrichthyes: Elasmobranchii) belonging to eight species and five genera were sampled along the Tunisian coast and examined for their cymothoid parasites. Among the eight examined elasmobranch species, only three were infested. Five parasite species were identified: </strong><strong><em>Anilocra physodes</em></strong><strong>, </strong><strong><em>Emetha audouini</em></strong><strong>, </strong><strong><em>Ceratothoa oestroides</em></strong><strong>, </strong><strong><em>C. parallela </em></strong><strong>and </strong><strong><em>Nerocila orbignyi</em></strong><strong>. These parasites presented three maturation stages: ovigerous females of </strong><strong><em>A. physodes </em></strong><strong>and </strong><strong><em>E. audouini</em></strong><strong>, adult non-ovigerous females of </strong><strong><em>N. orbignyi</em></strong><strong>, and juvenile females of </strong><strong><em>C. oestroides </em></strong><strong>and </strong><strong><em>C. parallela</em></strong><strong>. Most of these parasitic isopods were found on a single host species except for the two </strong><strong><em>Ceratothoa </em></strong><strong>species. We report new host–parasite associations, including the presence of </strong><strong><em>A. physodes </em></strong><strong>and </strong><strong><em>E. audouini </em></strong><strong>on smooth-hound </strong><strong><em>Mustelus mustelus</em></strong><strong>, the occurrence of </strong><strong><em>C. oestroides </em></strong><strong>and </strong><strong><em>N. orbignyi </em></strong><strong>on cartilaginous fish species, and the presence of </strong><strong><em>C. parallela </em></strong><strong>on black smooth-hound </strong><strong><em>Mustelus punctulatus </em></strong><strong>and </strong><strong><em>M. mustelus</em></strong><strong>. Parasitological indices and the seasonal variation in prevalence of the collected cymothoids, as well as parasitic species richness, are presented.</strong></p> 2023-01-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Patterns of fish distribution in tropical rock pools at Príncipe Island, Gulf of Guinea 2023-01-02T07:09:41+00:00 J Azevedo e Silva AJ Almeida M Cravo MP Pais Y Santos J Paula <p><strong>Little is known about the ichthyofauna from intertidal rock pools of the west coast of Africa, especially in the Gulf of Guinea. Rock pools are characteristic habitats of the intertidal zone of structurally complex rocky shores, adding important niche space to coastal fish species. In this study, rock pools of three similar rocky shores of Príncipe Island were sampled to describe the composition, abundance and distribution of fish assemblages and their relation to parameters of pool structure (volume, depth), water mass (temperature, salinity and pH) and biology (algal and coral cover, and biological species richness). A total of 18 fish species and one leptocephalus larva of unknown species, representing 13 families, were observed during sampling. In decreasing order, the five-most-abundant species were the goby </strong><strong><em>Bathygobius burtoni</em></strong><strong>, night sergeant </strong><strong><em>Abudefduf taurus</em></strong><strong>, West African rockhopper </strong><strong><em>Entomacrodus cadenati</em></strong><strong>, sailfin blenny </strong><strong><em>Microlipophrys velifer </em></strong><strong>and Biafra doctorfish </strong><strong><em>Prionurus biafraensis</em></strong><strong>, which together represented 81% of the total number of fish recorded during this study. The four-most-abundant species also proved to be the better adapted to the range of conditions found in rock pools. Overall, larger rock pools with minimal biological cover and higher salinity were found to support higher fish abundance and species richness. Most species individually preferred rock pools with larger volumes, but some presented a degree of habitat specificity, such as the absence or presence of biological cover. Species that were more-active swimmers preferred deeper pools.</strong></p> 2023-01-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) A baseline assessment of coastal pH variability in a temperate South African embayment: implications for biological ocean acidification research 2023-01-02T07:19:25+00:00 C Edworthy WM Potts S Dupont MI Duncan TG Bornman NC James <p><strong>Compared with the open ocean, knowledge of pH variability in coastal waters is rudimentary, especially in Africa. This is concerning as quantifying local pH conditions is critical when assessing the response of coastal species to future ocean acidification scenarios. The objective of this study was to capture some of the variability in pH at scales and sites relevant to coastal marine organisms in a South African temperate embayment (Algoa Bay, Indian Ocean). We used a sampling approach that captured spatial (at a resolution of ~10 km), monthly and diel (24-hour) variability in pH and associated physical and biological parameters at offshore and shallow inshore sites in Algoa Bay. We found that pH and associated parameters (temperature, calculated </strong><strong><em>p</em></strong><strong>CO</strong><strong>2</strong><strong>, chlorophyll </strong><strong><em>a</em></strong><strong>) varied over space and time in Algoa Bay. The range in pH was 0.30 units at offshore sites and 0.46 at inshore sites, and the average pH was 8.10 (SD 0.06) and 8.10 (SD 0.13) at these sites, respectively, which is typical for coastal environments. Our results showed that both biological factors (at the offshore sites) and salinity (at the inshore sites) may influence temporal and spatial variability in pH. We also identified a shallow inshore site with high levels of macroalgal growth that had consistently higher average daytime pH levels (8.33 [SD 0.07]), which may serve as an ocean acidification refuge for coastal marine species. This is the first comprehensive pH-monitoring study to be implemented in a nearshore coastal area in Africa and provides recommendations for monitoring in other understudied regions.</strong></p> 2023-01-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c)