African Journal for Physical Activity and Health Sciences <p>The African Journal for Physical Activity and Health Sciences (AJPHES) is a peer-reviewed journal established to:<br>i) provide a forum for health specialists, researchers in physical activity, professionals in human movement studies as well as other sport-related professionals in Africa, the opportunity to report their research findings based on African settings and experiences, and also to exchange ideas among themselves. Research-related contributions by specialists in physical activity and health sciences from other continents are also welcome.<br>ii) afford the professionals and other interested individuals in these disciplines the opportunity to learn more about the practice of the disciplines in different parts of the continent.<br>iii) create an awareness in the rest of the world about the professional practice in the disciplines in Africa.</p> <p>AJPHES publishes research papers that contribute to knowledge and practice, and also develops&nbsp;theory either as new information, reviews, confirmation of previous findings, application of new&nbsp;teaching/coaching techniques and research notes. Letters to the editor relating to the materials&nbsp;previously published in AJPHES could be submitted within 3 months after publication of the&nbsp;article in question. Such letter will be referred to the corresponding author and both the letter and&nbsp;response will be published concurrently in a subsequent issue of the journal.</p> <p>Manuscripts are considered for publication in AJPHES based on the understanding that they have&nbsp;not been published or submitted for publication in any other journal. In submitting papers for&nbsp;publication, corresponding authors should make such declarations. Where part of a paper has&nbsp;been published or presented at congresses, seminars or symposia, reference to that publication&nbsp;should be made in the acknowledgement section of the manuscript.</p> <p>AJPHES is published quarterly, i.e. in March, June, September and December.<br>Supplements/Special editions are also published periodically.</p> LAM Publications Limited en-US African Journal for Physical Activity and Health Sciences 2411-6939 <p>Copyright for articles published in this journal is retained by the journal.</p><p>Copyright © LAM Publications Limited</p><p>All rights reserved. Except for use in a review, the reproduction and utilisation of this work in any form or by any electronic, mechanical means or other means, now known or thereafter invented, including photocopying and recording or in any information storage and retrieval system, is forbidden without prior written permission of the publishers.</p> Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding antibiotics and resistance among adult patients at a regional referral hospital in Hlotse, Lesotho <p>The study assessed knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAPs) regarding antibiotics use and resistance among adult patients at Motebang regional referral hospital in Hlotse, Lesotho. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 351 randomly selected adult patients at the public hospital. Most patients (n= 244, 69.5%) demonstrated poor knowledge, 61.8% (n=217) of the respondents had negative attitudes and 57.8% (n=203) indicated having good practices regarding antibiotics use. While the respondents’ knowledge was associated with age (p=0.05), their practices correlated with marital status (p&lt;0.001) and age (p=0.001). There were significant positive correlations (p&lt;0.001) between the participants’ attitudes and knowledge, practices and knowledge as well as attitudes and practices. The respondents had negative attitudes towards taking low dose of antibiotics; and generally reported that antibiotic resistance did not pose any health problem. While good practices were reported by the respondents, they generally admitted undertaking non prescription purchase and taking incomplete dosage of antibiotics. Patient education programmes on appropriate antibiotic use and resistance prevention are urgently needed to address this public health challenge.</p> Tebello V. Sarele Elizabeth B. Ojewole Boikhutso Tlou Keketso Sarele Joseph Morenammele Copyright (c) 2022-05-16 2022-05-16 28 1 1 13 Adolescents’ perceptions of factors promoting physical activity participation <p>Despite the known benefits of physical activity, adolescents worldwide do not adequately engage in sufficient physical activity levels. Limited empirical evidence exists on the role of enabling factors of PA among adolescents and the role of parental involvement. Therefore, the importance of understanding adolescent health behaviour has become a global health concern. The objective of this study was to analyse the barriers and facilitators of PA participation among adolescents. Three focus group discussions (45-90 minutes each) were held with a group of South African learners (n=35), purposively sampled from Metro South education district in Mitchell’s Plain, Cape Town. The focus groups discussions explored the adolescents’ perceptions on the barriers and facilitators of PA participation. Thematic analysis revealed eight themes: Theme 1: Parental involvement, Theme 2: PA barriers, Theme 3: PApreferences, Theme 4: PA parental support, Theme 5: PA facilitators, Theme 6: PA encouragement, Theme 7: Parental directive behaviour, and Theme 8: Strategies to promote PA. Results showed that enjoyable activities that are age appropriate, fun-filled and social in nature, were most appealing to the adolescents. Findings further indicated that parental involvement is key to promoting and sustaining adolescent PA behaviour.</p> Colleen Cozett S.H. Bassett N.V. Roman Copyright (c) 2022-05-16 2022-05-16 28 1 14 30 Age and sponsorship as determinants of motivation orientation of extreme sports participation in Kenya <p>Since 1970, extreme sports have grown in popularity as an alternative form of sports to the decline of dominant sports. However, the motives for individuals to engage in extreme sports are unknown due to the paucity of literature in Kenya. Therefore, this study explored the motivation orientation of 84 participants (61 males; 23 females: ages 18-35≥ years) in the 2015 Mount Kenya Extreme Sport Challenge (MKESC). Data collected using the Sport Motivation Scale (SMS) were analysed with independent t-test and ANOVA to evaluate the differences in the motivation orientation based on the participants’ age and sponsorship status. Results showed that the participants were intrinsically oriented. Significant differences were found between 18 - 24 and 25 - 34 years old participants regarding extrinsic motivation (p = .009) and intrinsic motivation (p= .012). Significant differences were found regarding specific motivation, intrinsic motivation to know, intrinsic motivation to experience stimulation and extrinsic motivationintrojected, respectively (p= .011, p= .034 &amp; p= .005). Significant differences in intrinsic and extrinsic motivation were found between institution and self-sponsored participants (p=.001). As age and sponsorship influence motivation orientation towards participation in extreme sports in Kenya, organisers of such contests should be tactful to select activities which keep participants intrinsically motivated despite the presence of external sponsorship-related factors.</p> J.J. Sagaya E.G. Rintaugu H.N. Muthomi Copyright (c) 2022-05-16 2022-05-16 28 1 31 46 Leisure programmes that promote leadership amongst youth with, and without disabilities: A scoping review <p>Communities worldwide experience inequalities which are exacerbated by racism, discrimination, poverty, and a lack of inclusion for people with disabilities. This study embraces the notion of offering leisure programme services that provide opportunities for youth with, and without disabilities, to develop leadership skills. A scoping review of available literature was conducted to map the extent and range of research activity around leisure programmes that develop leadership amongst the youth with, and without disabilities. The scoping review entailed a rigorous screening of studies based upon specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. Seven articles met the inclusion criteria. Interventions in the studies focused on promoting leadership skills and other soft skills that complement one another. Examples of the interventions included activities of daily living such as education/work, play, leisure and social participation, residential and day camps, youth-led conferences, and leisure, recreation, sports and physical activities. For youth with disabilities, studies focused on development of the soft skills needed in activities of daily living such as social skills and empowerment, which enable the youth to cope effectively with life’s challenges. Leisure programmes that promote leadership skills in the youth with, and without disabilities are direly needed for capacity development and improvement of overall quality of life.</p> M.J. Malema M.E.M. Young L. Wegner Copyright (c) 2022-05-16 2022-05-16 28 1 47 62