African Journal for Physical Activity and Health Sciences <p>The African Journal for Physical Activity and Health Sciences (AJPHES) is a peer-reviewed journal established to:<br>i) provide a forum for health specialists, researchers in physical activity, professionals in human movement studies as well as other sport-related professionals in Africa, the opportunity to report their research findings based on African settings and experiences, and also to exchange ideas among themselves. Research-related contributions by specialists in physical activity and health sciences from other continents are also welcome.<br>ii) afford the professionals and other interested individuals in these disciplines the opportunity to learn more about the practice of the disciplines in different parts of the continent.<br>iii) create an awareness in the rest of the world about the professional practice in the disciplines in Africa.</p> <p>AJPHES publishes research papers that contribute to knowledge and practice, and also develops&nbsp;theory either as new information, reviews, confirmation of previous findings, application of new&nbsp;teaching/coaching techniques and research notes. Letters to the editor relating to the materials&nbsp;previously published in AJPHES could be submitted within 3 months after publication of the&nbsp;article in question. Such letter will be referred to the corresponding author and both the letter and&nbsp;response will be published concurrently in a subsequent issue of the journal.</p> <p>Manuscripts are considered for publication in AJPHES based on the understanding that they have&nbsp;not been published or submitted for publication in any other journal. In submitting papers for&nbsp;publication, corresponding authors should make such declarations. Where part of a paper has&nbsp;been published or presented at congresses, seminars or symposia, reference to that publication&nbsp;should be made in the acknowledgement section of the manuscript.</p> <p>AJPHES is published quarterly, i.e. in March, June, September and December.<br>Supplements/Special editions are also published periodically.</p> LAM Publications Limited en-US African Journal for Physical Activity and Health Sciences 2411-6939 <p>Copyright for articles published in this journal is retained by the journal.</p><p>Copyright © LAM Publications Limited</p><p>All rights reserved. Except for use in a review, the reproduction and utilisation of this work in any form or by any electronic, mechanical means or other means, now known or thereafter invented, including photocopying and recording or in any information storage and retrieval system, is forbidden without prior written permission of the publishers.</p> Editorial: COP27 Climate Change Conference: urgent action needed for Africa and the world <p>No Abstract.</p> Abel L. Toriola Copyright (c) 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 28 4 v ix South African millennial consumers’ adoption of wearable activity trackers: Extending the technology acceptance model <p>Wearable activity trackers (WATs) have become mainstream technology since they entered the market around 2009. This technology has transformed health and fitness monitoring by providing the user with metrics such as data on heart rate, sleep, calories expended, steps taken, distance covered, and advanced metrics for specific sports profiles and blood oxygen levels. Despite the global success of these devices, their overall adoption in the South African market has been slow, and there is little understanding of their adoption by the country’s millennial consumers, who are regarded as an emerging market for such items. This study extended the technology acceptance model (TAM) by adding perceived enjoyment and perceived cost, and proposes a new structural model of the factors driving South African millennial consumers’ intention to adopt WATs. A self-administered questionnaire was completed voluntarily by a non-probability convenience sample of 462 undergraduate male and female university students aged 18 to 24 years. These students were registered at a comprehensive university, traditional university and a university of technology, all situated in the Gauteng province of South Africa. Since a mall-intercept type of survey approach was followed, the participants were from various provinces of origin, faculties and fields of study, year level and racial groups. Data were analysed using SPSS and structural equation modelling (using AMOS) Versions 27.0 for Windows. The statistical analysis consisted of collinearity diagnostics, principal components analysis, descriptive statistics, one-sample t-test, and structural equation modelling (SEM), which comprised confirmatory factor analysis, internal-consistency and composite reliability analysis as well as validity (nomological, convergent and discriminant), and path analyses to test the hypotheses and generate an adoption model. The results revealed that attitude (β = 0.35, p = .000), perceived usefulness (β = 0.23, p = 0.000), and perceived enjoyment (β = 0.19, p = .003) were positively related, whereas perceived cost (β = -0.19, p = .000) and, interestingly, perceived ease of use (β = –0.17, p = .002) were negatively related to the South African millennial student consumers’ intention to adopt WATs. The adoption model generated in this study offers a useful guide for WAT manufacturers, marketers and distributors. It suggests that devices that are easy and fun to use, provide useful metrics, and are priced to emphasise value for money, are most likely to boost revenue for manufacturers and to increase adoption among South African consumers.</p> Chantel Muller Copyright (c) 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 28 4 275 298 Relationship between body composition and physical performance of Zimbabwean children aged 10-12 years <p>A cross-sectional study of 807 (351 boys and 456 girls) children aged 10-12-year-old, whose data were obtained from Zimbabwean Baseline Survey, was undertaken to determine the relationship between their body composition and physical fitness. Body composition was determined using body mass index (BMI), percentage body fat (BF%), and waist circumference. Ten physical fitness items determined physical performance. Correlation coefficients were computed to examine the relationship between body composition and physical fitness. Combined overweight and obesity was 14.6%. Grade 1 and grade 2 thinness were exhibited by 5.9% of the children. In the total sample, %BF negatively associated with strength performance items: Standing broad jump (SBJ) (r= -0.20; p&lt;0.001), sit-up (SUP) (r= -0.17; p&lt;0.001) and bent arm hang (BAH) (r= -.49; p&lt;0.001). Also, fatness positively associated with running speed tests [10x5m shuttle run (SHR), r=0.33; p&lt;0.001; 50m sprint, r=0.26; p&lt;0.001] and 1.5m mile run (r=0.43; p&lt;0.001). Fatness affected the running performance of the children, especially in girls compared to boys. Also, the significant effect of fatness on physical fitness performance varied by age, in which older children performed poorly compared to younger ones. It is concluded that fatness negatively affected the children’s strength performance. However, children with minimal fatness performed significantly better in the endurance (1.5m run) test. Furthermore, the results showed that children who had excessive fatness performed poorly in speed and endurance tests. School- and community-based physical activity, and nutritional intervention programmes targeted at relatively overweight, underweight, and inactive Zimbabwean children are urgently needed.</p> Caroline C. Mavingire J. Hans De Ridder Daga Makaza Makama A. Monyeki Copyright (c) 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 28 4 299 317 Physical activity during covid-19 lockdown: Relationship with sedentary behaviour, health-related quality of life, loneliness, and sleep quality among a sample of Nigerian adults <p>COVID-19 lockdown, targeted at preventing the spread of coronavirus, had deleterious effects on physical and psychosocial health. This study examined the association between physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), loneliness and quality of sleep of 507 Nigerian adults during the COVID-19 lockdown. Five hundred and seven respondents (aged 18-67 years) from 12 States completed an online survey on RedCap. Questionnaires comprising the Stages of Change scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, International Sedentary Assessment Tool, UCLA Loneliness Questionnaire, Short Form-12 Health Survey, and International Physical Activity Questionnaire were used. Respondents were categorised based on exercise behaviour as non-exercisers, non-regular exercisers, or regular exercisers; and based on age into 18-24, 25-34, 35-44 and &gt; 44 years categories. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data. About 33.1% of respondents did not meet moderate-to-vigorous PA levels. The physical component of HRQoL was positively associated with total PA (p = 0.04). Among the non-exercisers, the odds of being regular exercisers during pre-COVID-19 lockdown were significantly higher for the 35-44 (odds ratio [OR] = 3.49; 95% CI = 1.44, 8.48, p = 0.01) and &gt; 44 years age groups (OR = 2.98; 95% CI: 1.16, 7.62, p = 0.02) relative to 18-24 years age category. During COVID-19 lockdown, &gt; 44 (OR = 3.65; 95% CI: 1.47, 9.07, p = 0.005), 35-44 (OR = 6.42; 95% CI 2.75, 14.96, p = 0.001) and 25-34 (OR = 2.35; 95% CI: 1.15, 4.80, p = 0.02) years age categories had significant higher odds of being regular exercisers compared to the 18-24 years age group. There was a high rate of physical inactivity among Nigerian adults during the COVID-19 lockdown, which was directly influenced by the physical components of HRQoL. Older age was an independent predictor of exercise behaviour before and during the COVID-19 lockdown among Nigerian adults.</p> Opeyemi A. Idowu Henrietta O. Fawole Olayinka Akinrolie Kayode I. Oke Chidozie E. Mbada Ukachukwu O. Abaraogu , Udoka A.C. Okafor Ade F. Adeniyi Francis Fatoye Copyright (c) 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 28 4 318 337 The effect of HAART on metabolic and haemostatic parameters in HIV infection: A comparative study <p>Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes compromised immunity in humans. Globally, 500 000 – 970 000 people died from HIV infection complications in 2019, while approximately 38 million people were living with HIV infection. Presently, South Africa is one of the countries with the highest infection rate. HIV infection can lead to metabolic and haemostatic disorders and the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is a treatment for HIV infections. Apart from its benefits, there could be some complications that have not been studied adequately. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of HAART on metabolic and haemostatic parameters in HIV-infected human sample. The study was quantitative and cross-sectional. Turfloop Research Ethics Committee, at the University of Limpopo, approved the study and issued a certificate numbered TREC/119/2016: PG. The Limpopo Department of Health, managers of the clinics and the chieftaincies of Ga-Mothiba, Ga-Dikgale and Ga-Mothapo villages granted permission for participant recruitment. The sample consisted of 71 HAART-exposed, 36 HAART-naïve and 51 HIV-negative participants. Glucose, total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglycerides (TG) levels were determined in the original study. Participants’ HIV status was verified through screening. Statistical analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 25.0 software. Chi-square was used. The significance cut-off value was set at p ≤ 0.050. HAART raised the levels of TC, LDL-C, HDL-C and D-dimer and, correlated significantly with them. The HAART is a risk factor for TC, HDL-C and LDL-C dyslipidaemia and, D-dimer hyperproduction in HIV infection.</p> S. Hanser M.M. Moraba L.J.C. Erasmus M. Van Staden Copyright (c) 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 28 4 338 354 Registered nurses’ experiences about organisational culture and its impact on the neonatal continuum of care in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa <p>Culture could influence clinical practice within the neonatal continuum of care (NCC). To examine the influence of culture on clinical practices within the NCC, participant observation and semi-structured interviews were undertaken to gather data over a twelve-month period from a purposive sample of registered nurses (n=21) at a tertiary institution and community health centre in the eThekwini District of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Based on thematic data analysis, the nurses' cultural practices in the NCC were identified as including communication culture, insensitivity, work overload, and resource limitations. Understanding these cultural practices is essential for transformation of nursing services in the NCC to ensure good quality care delivery. For effective operations and transitions within the NCC, practical changes are required to facilitate quality nursing care. The study shows how organisational culture can influence the care of a neonate within clinical practice related to the cultural dynamics of nursing within the NCC. Since nurses are responsible for ensuring that patients receive good quality nursing care, awareness of their cultural patterns and behaviours will empower them to transform their current practices to achieve effective NCC.</p> Lauren Ann Hillermannn Copyright (c) 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 28 4 355 368 The role of genetic variants of A disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain 12 in osteoarthritis: A synthesis of meta-analysis reviews <p>Genes play an important role in the aetiology of osteoarthritis (OA) and A Disintegrin, and Metalloproteinase Domain 12 (ADAM12) gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may be involved. Previous review studies have investigated the association of four ADAM12 gene SNPs, with OA, but it is unclear whether the evidence from these reviews is consistent. The purpose of this umbrella systematic review was to examine existing meta-analysis evidence with the primary objective of comparing and contrasting the findings on the association of ADAM12 SNPs (rs3740199, rs1871054, rs1278279 and rs1044122) with OA, in order to obtain a more accurate picture on the role of ADAM12 in OA. We performed a comprehensive search on PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, Cochrane and Medline to identify meta-analyses of studies that examined associations between ADAM12 SNPs with OA up to 2021. Eight meta-analyses with 67750 participants, 30983 cases and 36767 controls were included in this umbrella systematic review. Four meta-analyses showed that rs3740199 was significantly associated with increased risk for knee osteoarthritis (KOA) in men. One meta-analysis indicated that the rs1044122 was significantly associated with increased risk for KOA in men. Six meta-analyses concluded that rs1871054 increased the risk of OA susceptibility in Asians. However, no association was found between rs1278279 and OA. Overall, studies have yielded inconsistent results. Some indicated association of a particular SNP with OA, while others reported conflicting findings. The discrepant results across studies may be due to factors such as diversity in the genetic make-up of study samples, race and country of the study population.</p> D. Sengwayo F. Mashinya M. Lukhele S. Motaung Copyright (c) 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 28 4 369 385 ‘Sport, taverns and church’: Leisure engagement amongst the youth in rural communities in the Eastern Cape, South Africa <p>Leisure programmes are important in rural communities where resources are typically limited. Leisure forms a significant developmental context for youth, and can promote engagement in positive behaviour. However, little is known about the situation of the youth living in rural communities in South Africa, as previous research has focused on youths in urban areas and those attending school. It is important to understand how the youth engage in leisure in order to develop relevant programmes. This exploratory study therefore explored the perceptions and experiences of youths living in rural communities in South Africa regarding the enablers and barriers of leisure engagement. Participants (n = 99) included 47 men and 52 women aged 18 to 35 years residing in seven rural communities in the Eastern Cape. Eight focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted with the participants. Based on the themes which emerged from the FGDs, leisure enablers included practical solutions such as community centres and skills development programmes to nurture talent. Barriers comprised inter-generational poverty, racial tension, and limited leisure resources due to the communities’ rural locations. The challenges restricted young people’s choices and opportunities to engage in leisure activities, contributed to a sense of hopelessness, and negatively affected their feelings of well-being. A key recommendation is that youth and adults work collaboratively as part of a multi-systemic approach to develop programmes in rural areas, which include positive, constructive leisure activities that develop skills and nurture talent.</p> Lisa Wegner Wilson Majee Copyright (c) 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 28 4 386 401