African Journal of Paediatric Surgery

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Single high scrotal incision orchidopexy for unilateral palpable testis: A randomised controlled study

AA Eltayeb


Background: Bianchi and Squire introduced single high trans-scrotal incision for mobilisation of palpable undescended testes to decrease the potential morbidity of the traditional inguinal approach. This incision has not gained widespread acceptance and there is still a considerable debate about its efficacy. This study evaluated the outcome of high single scrotal incision in comparison to the classic inguinal exploration for unilateral palpable testes regardless to its pre-operative location to assure its validity and safety.

Patients and Methods: This was a randomised controlled study conducted on seventy males with palpable unilateral undescended testicles from  November 2009 to October 2013. They were divided into two equal groups; group I had high single scrotal incision and group II had the classic inguinal approach. The comparative parameters between both groups were the operative time, intra-and post-operative complications, postoperative
pain and scar.

Results: There was statistical significant difference between both groups regarding the operative time (P < 0.001). The high scrotal approach (Group I) was not completed in three cases and were converted to the classic inguinal approach. No statistical significant difference between both groups regarding the post-operative complications.

Conclusions: Single high scrotal incision orchidopexy for palpable  undescended testis is safe, has shorter operative time but may not be
suitable for proximally lying testis.

Key words: Scrotal orchidopexy, palpable undescended testes, single scrotal incision
AJOL African Journals Online