Psychosocial Predictors Of Violent Behaviour Among In-School Secondary School Adolescents In Ibadan Metropolis
AbstractThis study investigated psychosocial predictors of violent behavior
among in-school secondary school adolescents in Ibadan metropolis, Oyo State, Nigeria. Participants consisted of 300 students from the 6 selected schools. The age range of the participants is between 14 and 21 years. The technique used to select the respondents from the population was purposive sampling technique. The study employed a descriptive survey method; data were collected through questionnaire administered on the subjects. The data were analysed using multiple regression statistical method and correlation matrix. The findings revealed that the independent variables correlate significantly and positively with violent behaviour among the adolescents studied (P<.05). The variables (personal factor, parental factor, economic factor and peer influence factor) accounted for 47.1% of the total variance in violent behaviour (R2 adjusted = 0.471). It was observed that some independent variables: parental factor (β = 0.300, t = 3.949, P<.05) and peer influence (β = 0.300, t = 3.949, P<.05) had
relative contribution to violent behavior among adolescents while some did not: personal factor (β = 0.065, t = 0.889 P>.05) and economic factor (β = 0.068, t = 1.002 P>.05). Peer influence factor contributed most to violent behavior among the adolescent. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that parents and guardians should bridge the communication gaps between them and their youngsters so as to understand and appreciate their nature, aspirations and yearnings.