Soil loss and run-off measurements form natural veld with a rainfall simulator.

  • HA Snyman
  • WJL Van Rensburg
  • DPJ Opperman
Keywords: afrikaans, basal cover, erosion, grass cover, grasses, orange free state, rainfall, run-off, slope, soil erosion, soil loss, south africa


A rotating-boom rainfall simulator is being used to measure soil losses and run-off from natural veld in different successional stages and different slopes. Run-off as much as 94,34% of the applied volume of water and soil loss of 5,74t/ha were recorded from a pioneer grass cover with a 2,42% slope. Of all the variables under consideration, basal cover had the greatest influence on run-off, while slope had statistically no significant influence. Both basal cover and slope had statistically a significant (P<0,05) effect on the amount of soil loss from natural veld. Basal cover highly significantly related to soil loss (r2 = 0,69), but slope had no significant relationship to soil loss and run- off.

Keywords: afrikaans; basal cover; erosion; grass cover; grasses; orange free state; rainfall; run-off; slope; soil erosion; soil loss; south africa

Journal of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa.

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1727-9380
print ISSN: 1022-0119