Multiple strategies for resilient livelihoods in communal areas of South Africa

  • Wayne Twine


Livestock farming in communal areas is an activity pursued by rural households as one of a range of livelihood strategies aimed at spreading risk. The cash and non-cash benefits derived from livestock, as well as the wide range of secondary resources harvested from communal rangelands, make an important contribution to livelihood diversification and, hence, resilience. Rural development policy should therefore not focus narrowly on commercialisation of livestock production in communal areas. Rather, it should take a multifaceted approach to building livelihood resilience while providing pathways for households to escape poverty through enhancing the multiple benefits of livestock, adding value to secondary rangeland resources, and expanding the rural non-farm economy.

Keywords: diversification, livestock, rangelands, resilience, secondary resources

African Journal of Range & Forage Science 2013, 30(1&2), 39–43

Author Biography

Wayne Twine
School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witswatersrand, Wits Rural Facility, Private Bag X420, Acornhoek 1360, South Africa

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1727-9380
print ISSN: 1022-0119