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Examining the Role of Couples’ Characteristics in Contraceptive use in Nigeria and Zambia

Lorretta Favour. C. Ntoimo
Pamela Chirwa-Banda


Relationship-related characteristics influence diverse health and demographic outcomes. This study examined the role of couples‘ characteristics in contraceptive use. Data were obtained from 2013 Nigeria and 2013-14 Zambia Demographic and Health Surveys. The study population consisted of couples in monogamous union (married or living together) who had at least one live birth and the wife was not pregnant at the time of the survey. Prevalence of contraceptive use among couples in Nigeria was 27% and 63% in Zambia. Couples‘ educational attainment, religious affiliation, the frequency of listening to the radio, reported number of children, fertility preference, region of residence and household wealth index were significant predictors of contraceptive use among couples in Nigeria and Zambia. Given the significant role of couples‘ characteristics in the uptake of contraceptives, there is the need to encourage interventions that target couples, particularly those of poor socioeconomic status. 

Keywords: Contraceptive, relationship-related characteristics, monogamous union, couples, Nigeria, Zambia

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eISSN: 1118-4841