Prevalence and Prevention of Malaria in Pregnancy in Edo State, Nigeria
AbstractThe observational/longitudinal study was undertaken in Igueben Local Government Area (LGA), Edo State, Nigeria. The objective of the study was to determine the effect of prevention on the prevalence of
malaria during pregnancy. The study population comprised 4 groups viz; Group1, had 100 women protected with Insecticide Treated bed Nets (ITNs); Group2, another 100 treated with Sulphadoxine –
pyrimethamine (SP); Group 3, 100 protected with both ITN and SP, while Group 4, were 100 unprotected others who served as control. Venous blood was collected 7 days to expected date of
delivery while placental blood was collected after delivery from the subjects for parasitaemia determination. Findings showed that all protective devices used were effective against malaria.
Prevention used against malaria in pregnancy is a sure safe guard against maternal morbidity/mortality and should be encouraged. It is therefore, recommended that pregnant women should be health educated to appreciate the need for malaria prevention (Afr J Reprod Health 2008; 12:49-58).
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