Relative Contributions of Socio-Cultural Variables to the Prediction of Maternal Mortality in Edo South Senatorial District, Nigeria

  • CL Marchie
  • FC Anyanwu
Keywords: Socio-cultural, Edo South Senatorial District, maternal mortality, Edo State, Nigeria


The study examined the extent of contributions of socio-cultural factors to maternal mortality (through survey method). Two thousand one hundred and fifty seven (2,157) females of reproductive age were
selected using multi-stage sampling technique. The instrument was a self developed structured and validated questionnaire with a reliability of 0.82. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and In-depth interview
guide were used to complement the instrument. Inferential statistics of multiple regression was employed to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. The result showed that the most relevant
variables across the two locations (rural and urban) was early marriage/early child bearing (R2 = 0.200; F = 401.40; P = 0.001) followed by educational attainment. Others in descending order were: women decision making power; traditional obstetric care services; female genital mutilation ; economic status and access to health care service. This indicates the importance of formulating policies that would focus on attaining high level of literacy among girls (Afr J Reprod Health 2009; 13[2]:109-115).

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