Estimating the impact of birth control on fertility rate in Sub-Saharan Africa

  • GT Ijaiya
  • UA Raheem
  • AO Olatinwo
  • MDA Ijaiya
  • MA Ijaiya
Keywords: Birth Control, Fertility, Sub-Saharan Africa


Using a cross-country data drawn from 40 countries and a multiple regression analysis, this paper examines the impact of birth control devices on the rate of fertility in sub-Saharan Africa. Our a-priori
expectations are that the more women used birth control devices, the less will be the fertility rate in sub-Saharan Africa. The result obtained from the study indicates that except for withdrawal method that fall
contrary to our expectation other variables (methods) like the use of pills, injection, intra uterine device(IUD), condom/diaphragm and cervical cap, female sterilization and periodic abstinence/rhythm fulfilled our a-priori expectations. These results notwithstanding, the paper suggests measures, such as the need for massive enlightenment campaign on the benefit of these birth control devices, the frequent checking of the potency of the devices and good governance in the delivery of the devices

(Afr J Reprod Health 2009; 13[4]:137-145).


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eISSN: 1118-4841