Population and Reproductive Health in National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs) for Climate Change in Africa
This paper reviews 44 National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs) to assess the NAPA process and identify the range of interventions included in countries’ priority adaptation actions and highlight how population issues and reproductive health/family planning (RH/FP) are addressed as part of the adaptation agenda. A majority of the 44 NAPAs identify rapid population growth as a key component of vulnerability to climate change impacts. However, few chose to prioritise NAPA funds for family planning/reproductive health programmes. The paper emphasizes the need to translate the recognition of population pressure as a factor related to countries’ ability to adapt to climate change into relevant project activities. Such projects should include access to RH/FP, in addition to other strategies such as girls education and women’s empowerment that lead to lower fertility. Attention to population and integrated strategies should be central and aligned to longer-term national adaptation plans and strategies (Afr J Reprod Health 2010; 14: 133- 145).