A Survey of the Oral Health Knowledge and Practices of Pregnant Women in a Nigerian Teaching Hospital

  • A Adeniyi
  • O Agbaje
  • M Braimoh
  • O Ogunbanjo
  • S Modupe
  • O Olubunmi
Keywords: Oral health, knowledge, attitudes, practices, pregnant women

Abstract

To describe the self-reported oral health knowledge, attitudes and oral hygiene habits, among pregnant women receiving antenatal care at the  Lagos State University teaching Hospital (LASUTH). A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was conducted at the LASUTH antenatal clinic during the period January – June 2008. Most of the respondents demonstrated a reasonable level of oral health knowledge and positive attitudes towards oral health. However, there were gaps in the oral health knowledge of the women surveyed. The relationship between the level of oral health knowledge and ethnicity (p=0.856), level of education (p=0.079), age category (p= 0.166), and trimester of pregnancy (p=0.219) were not statistically significant. In addition, the women’s knowledge and attitude towards oral health was not reflected in their oral hygiene practices. There is a need to provide oral health education for pregnant women during antenatal care in order to highlight the importance of good oral health in achieving good health for both the mother and her baby.
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eISSN: 1118-4841