AIDS-Related Knowledge and Risks and Contraceptive Practices in Ghana: The Early 1990s

  • Baffour K Takyi Baffour K. Takyi, Department of Sociology, The University of Akron, Akron, Ohio 44325-1905
Keywords: AIDS, contraceptive practices, Ghana, knowledge, risks

Abstract



Transmission places sexually active childbearing women at high risk of contracting the disease. In this study, data from the 1993/94 Ghana Demographic Health Survey were used to explore the relationship between AIDS-related knowledge and family practices, specifically the use of contraceptives and condoms. While the study finds high levels of AIDS-related knowledge among Ghanaian women, this knowledge is yet to translate into increased condom use. It is suggested that the use of rational choice models in AIDS prevention programs may not be adequate to change people's sexual behaviour, especially in societies where the prevailing cultural practices and norms encourage large families and discourage the use of contraceptives of any type. In such settings, there is the need to find appropriate mechanisms that could help increase the use of all types of contraceptives. As contraceptive use increases, it is likely that the use of condoms for AIDS prevention and also for family planning purpose would increase in sub-Saharan Africa.

(Afr J Reprod Health 2000; 4[1]: 13-27 )

Key Words: AIDS, contraceptive practices, Ghana, knowledge, risks
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eISSN: 1118-4841