Induced abortion in Nigeria: findings from focus group discussion

  • Boniface A Oye-Adeniran Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, College of Medicine, University of Lagos (CMUL), Lagos, Nigeria.<br> Coordinator, The Campaign Against Unwanted Pregnancy (The CAUP), Lagos, Nigeria
  • Isaac F Adewole Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.<br> Coordinator, The Campaign Against Unwanted Pregnancy (The CAUP), Lagos, Nigeria
  • Augustine V Umoh Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, Nigeria
  • Ngozi Iwere Coordinator, The Campaign Against Unwanted Pregnancy (The CAUP), Lagos, Nigeria
  • Abidoye Gbadegesin Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Ayinke House, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH), Ikeja, Nigeria.
Keywords: contraception, adolescents, awareness, Nigeria

Abstract

Abortion is carried out daily in Nigeria despite the restrictive abortion law. This study was carried out to obtain information on societal attitude to the issues of family planning, unwanted pregnancy, abortion, adoption of children and laws relating to them. Focus group discussions were held in south-western Nigeria among 11 sub-groups. Participants felt that there was high prevalence of unwanted pregnancy and abortion particularly among youths. They had high level awareness of contraceptives and ascribed its low use to negative side effects, high cost and provider bias. Christians favoured planning of pregnancies while the Muslims did not. Majority of the respondents had negative perception of induced abortion. Some of them supported abortion if the education of the young girl would be disrupted, if paternity of pregnancy is in dispute, or if it would save the family from shame. Participants supported the enactment of laws that would make adoption of unwanted children easier.

RÉSUMÉ
Malgre la loi restrictive contre l'avortement, les femmes se font avorter chaque jour au Nigéria. Cette étude a été menée afin d'obtenir des renseignements sur l'attitude de la société par rapport aux questions de la planification familiale, la grossesse non-désirée, l'avortement, l'adoption des enfants et les lois qui les concernent. Les discussions à groupe cible ont eu lieu au sud-ouest du Nigéria parmi onze sous-groupes. Les participants avaient estimé qu'il y a une haute fréquence de grossesse non-désirée et de l'avortement surtout chez la jeunesse. Ils avaient un niveau élevé de la connaissance des contraceptifs et ils ont attribué son faible utilisation aux effets secondaires, le coût élevé et le préjugé des fournisseurs. Les chrétiens ont favorisé la planification de grossesse alors que les musulmans ne l'ont pas favorisé. La majorité des répondants avaient une mauvaise perception de l'avortement si l'éducation de la jeune fille serait dérangée, si la paternité de la grossesse est contestable ou bien s'il sauverait la famille de honte. Les participants ont avorise la promulgation des lois qui rendra plus facile l'adoption des enfants non- ésérés.

Afr J Reprod Health Vol.9 (1) 2005: 133–141
Published
2005-10-11
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1118-4841