Rapid HIV Testing and Counselling in Labour in a Northern Nigeria Setting
Between April and August 2004, all pregnant women in labour at JUTH, were offered rapid HIV testing and counseling with opportunity to decline testing. HIV positive women were offered the standard nevirapine mono-therapy prophylaxis regimen (HIVNET 012). Four hundred and thirty (99.8%) of the 431 pregnant women who were offered rapid HIV testing and counseling, agreed to test. A sero-conversion rate of 2.1% (5 of 235) was found among women who had previously tested negative for HIV during the index pregnancy. A sero-prevalence rate of 9.6% (16 of 166) was found among women with unknown HIV status. One patient who had an indeterminate HIV status prior to labour tested positive in labour. Rapid HIV testing and counseling in labour is a useful practice in high prevalence settings since it detects a substantial number of HIV-infected women and HIV-exposed babies that would otherwise have missed interventions to prevent MTCT.
African Journal of Reproductive Health Vol. 10 (1) 2006: pp. 76-80
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